Pentax 645D vs Leica Q

  • Medium format
  • 40 megapixels
  • Pentax 645AF2
  • 57
    Overall
  • 40
    Imaging
  • 37
    Features
  • 66
    Size
  • 0
    Price
  • Full frame
  • 24 megapixels
  • Fixed lens
  • 54
    Overall
  • 32
    Imaging
  • 63
    Features
  • 72
    Size
  • 0
    Price

Pentax 645D vs Leica Q: a Complete Review and Comparison

Are you looking for the best camera to suit your needs? Due to a wide range of options, making a wise and weighted decision can be rather challenging. Which specs to keep in mind? What are the key pros and cons of each model? This comparison should give some helpful hints!

In this review, we are going to make a detailed comparison of two cameras that fall into different categories. While the first model we are looking at, Pentax 645D belongs to a Pro DSLR category, the other model, Pentax 645D is a Large Sensor Compact camera. Both models feature different types of sensors. Thus, Pentax 645D comes with CCD sensor that has a resolution of 40.0 MP resolution, while our second compared model Leica Q features a 24.0 MP CMOS sensor.

Both cameras we are going to look at in our overview fall into two different categories - DSLR and Compact. Keeping in mind all the distinctive features of each category, it will be hard to make a detailed comparison of these two models. However, we will do our best to make this review as unbiased and detailed as possible.

To get started, let’s take a look at some of the key features of Pentax 645D and Leica Q and, after this, we can go on to our detailed comparison of these models.

Pentax 645D Key Features:

  • 40.0 MP Medium format CCD sensor
  • ISO 200 - 1600 (Expands to 100)
  • Image Stabilization: No
  • 3″ Fixed Type Screen
  • ViewFinder: Yes
  • 1.0 fps Continuous Shooting
  • Built-in Wireless: No
  • Dimensions: 156 x 117 x 119 mm
  • Weight: 1480 g
  • Environmental Sealing: Yes
  • Built-in GPS: No
  • Replaced by Pentax 645Z. Compare

Leica Q Key Features:

  • 24.0 MP Full frame CMOS sensor
  • ISO 100 - 50000
  • Image Stabilization: Yes
  • 3″ Fixed Type Screen
  • ViewFinder: Yes
  • 10.0 fps Continuous Shooting
  • Video: 1920 x 1080 (60p, 30p), 1280 x 720 (30p)
  • Built-in Wireless: Yes
  • Dimensions: 130 x 80 x 93 mm
  • Weight: 640 g
  • Environmental Sealing: No
  • Built-in GPS: No
  • Also known as Leica Typ 116

Pentax 645D was substituted by Pentax 645Z. Be sure to check out some of our other overviews that may also interest you:
Pentax 645D vs. 645Z
Pentax 645Z vs. Leica Q

Why is Pentax 645D a better choice than Leica Q

Storage Slots 2 vs 1 Extra storage slot
Sensor Resolution 40.0 MP vs 24.0 MP 40% more pixels
Sensor Area 1452 mm2 vs 864 mm2 40.5% larger pixel area
Environmental Sealing Yes vs No Shoot at tough conditions
Dxo Color Depth 24.6 vs 24.3 Better color depth
Viewfinder Magnification 0.85 vs No 0.85 better magnification

What are the key reasons to pick Leica Q over Pentax 645D

Wireless Connectivity Built-In vs No Better connectivity
Image Stabilization Yes vs No All lenses are stabilized
Continuous Shooting 10 fps vs Yes fps 9 fps faster
Max Shutter Speed 1/16000 vs 1/4000 Faster shutter speed
AutoFocus Face Detection Yes vs No Very handy for portraits
Screen Resolution 1,040k dots vs 921k dots 11.4% higher resolution screen
Touch Screen Yes vs No Easy control of camera functions
Weight 640 g vs 1480 g 840 g lighter
Dxo Dynamic Range 12.7 vs 12.6 Better dynamic range
Dxo Low Light Iso 2221 vs 1262 Better High ISO performance

Key PROs of Pentax 645D and Leica Q

Screen Size 3″ | 3″ Large display
Viewfinder Optical (pentaprism) | Electronic Better framing and control
Raw Support Yes | Yes Better image quality
Sensor Resolution 40.0 MP | 24.0 MP Bigger prints and more details
Timelapse Recording Yes | Yes Creative shooting
Bracketing Yes | Yes Useful for tough lighting conditions and HDR

Key CONs of Pentax 645D and Leica Q

Screen Type Fixed Type | Fixed Type No flexible viewing angles
Built-In Flash No | No No built-in flash

Pentax 645D vs Leica Q: Comparing Two Models By Physical Characteristics

Before heading straight to the technical characteristics of each model, let’s start with comparing their physical specs. Let’s start with looking at the physical difference of the two products. Below are images that clearly show the sizes of Pentax 645D and Leica Q from the front view.

Pentax 645D
Leica Q
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Now, let’s go on and see how the reviewed models are different or similar by the top view.

Pentax 645D
Leica Q
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After looking at these images, you should get a clear idea of each model’s dimensions and how they are different from each other. However, we are not going to stop there. The next characteristic worth looking at is the weight. Of course, not every photographer is concerned about the weight, for example, it wouldn't be a decisive point for those who shoot in a studio. However, it is still an important factor because if you happen to go on a long photo session or just love having the camera with you wherever you go, you want to be sure that the chosen model isn't too heavy.

Speaking of weight, Leica Q is a lighter option of these two, as it weights 840g less than the Pentax 645D. This difference, in fact, can become a significant disadvantage for the photographers, who prefer to have their cameras with them wherever they go.

Comparing Pentax 645D and Leica Q by the type of Sensor and Resolution

Sensor is, without a doubt, the most significant element of every digital camera. Its type, size, and resolution are the factors that define the quality of future shots. Thus, it is barely possible to pick a suitable camera without looking at these specs.

Are Pentax 645D and Leica Q any different in terms of sensor type?

In fact, that's exactly what makes these two models really different. Thus, it is a good point to consider if your are choosing between these two cameras. Pentax 645D features a 40.0 MP Medium format sized CCD sensor and boasts of a Prime II processor . Leica Q, in its turn, comes with a 24.0 MP Full frame sized CMOS sensor and Maestro II processor , which makes it significantly different from the first model.

Take a look below to find the comparison of Pentax 645D and Leica Q by the size of their sensors.

Pentax 645D
Leica Q
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One more distinctive feature of compared models is the sensor size. Pentax 645D has a sensor area 0.6x bigger compared to Leica Q. What does it mean? This basically means that if you these cameras them with the same aperture and focal length, the first model will give you more control in terms of the blurry background and depth of field.

For Which Fields Of Photography Are Pentax 645D and Leica Q Suitable?

If you are interested in photography or has made a career in this field, you should know that different types of shooting actually require different camera characteristics. While one model can produce outstanding portraits, at the same time, it can be terrible for shooting landscapes, and so on. Thus, before you purchase a specific camera, it is vital to decide, which type of shooting you do most often and consider an option that suits it the most.

This section of our comparison is devoted to the performance of Pentax 645D and Leica Q in different fields of photography. Here we are going to look at the five main areas and evaluate how well each of the reviewed models performs in them. This will help you choose an option that suits your needs the most depending on your interest in one or several of these fields.

Photography Type Pentax 645D Leica Q
Portrait Photography
89%
99%
Street Photography
30%
95%
Sports Photography
86%
92%
Daily Photography
93%
70%
Landscape Photography
96%
96%

Pentax 645D for Portrait Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Medium format (44 x 33 mm) sensor
  • High resolution sensor (40 MP)

Disadvantages:

  • No Image Stabilization

Leica Q for Portrait Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Full frame (36 x 24 mm) sensor
  • High resolution sensor (24 MP)
  • Fast Max Shutter Speed (1/16000s)
  • Image Stabilization
  • Face Detection Focusing

Disadvantages:

No Significant Disadvantages

Pentax 645D for Street Photography

Advantages:

  • Built-in View Finder
  • Large Medium format(44 x 33 mm) sensor

Disadvantages:

  • Big size (156 x 117 x 119 mm)
  • No Image Stabilization
  • Small Number of autofocus Points (11)

Leica Q for Street Photography

Advantages:

  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View
  • Image Stabilization
  • Large Full frame(36 x 24 mm) sensor

Disadvantages:

  • Big size (130 x 80 x 93 mm)

Pentax 645D for Sports Photography

Advantages:

  • Environmental Sealing
  • Big size (156 x 117 x 119 mm)

Disadvantages:

  • Slow Continuous Shooting (1.0 fps)
  • Slow Max Shutter Speed (1/4000s)
  • Smal Number of autofocus Points (11)
  • Bad Low Light ISO (1262)
  • Small battery life (800 shots)

Leica Q for Sports Photography

Advantages:

  • Fast Max Shutter Speed (1/16000s)
  • Nice Low Light ISO (2221)
  • Big size (130 x 80 x 93 mm)

Disadvantages:

  • Slow Continuous Shooting (10.0 fps)
  • No Environmental Sealing

Pentax 645D for Daily Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Medium format (44 x 33 mm) sensor
  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View

Disadvantages:

  • Big weight (1480 g)
  • Big size (156 x 117 x 119 mm)
  • No Built-in Flash
  • Video is not available

Leica Q for Daily Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Full frame (36 x 24 mm) sensor
  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View
  • Wireless Connectivity
  • Video is available

Disadvantages:

  • Big weight (640 g)
  • Big size (130 x 80 x 93 mm)
  • No Built-in Flash

Pentax 645D for Landscape Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Medium format (44 x 33 mm) sensor
  • High resolution sensor (40 MP)
  • Good Dynamic Range (12.6)
  • Environmental Sealing
  • Live View
  • RAW Support

Disadvantages:

  • Bad Max Native ISO (1600)

Leica Q for Landscape Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Full frame (36 x 24 mm) sensor
  • High resolution sensor (24 MP)
  • Good Dynamic Range (12.7)
  • Live View
  • RAW Support
  • Nice Low Light ISO (2221)

Disadvantages:

  • No Environmental Sealing

Comparison of Pentax 645D vs Leica Q: Final Verdict

Hopefully, our detailed overview of these models has helped you consider all the main specs, pros and cons of each cameras. Maybe, after reading this comparison, some of you have already decided which option to opt for depending on your needs and preferences. However, if you are still wondering which option is a better choice, Pentax 645D or Leica Q, below you can see what scores each of them received in five different aspects. To wrap up, we have used our unique Decision Algorithm that assesses different camera models upon 63 different factors including their price, and, if possible, DxO Mark scores. This algorithm allows us to make our verdict more consistent and objective.

What is our final verdict? Based on our comparison and the final scores of Pentax 645D and Leica Q here is what we can say in conclusion:

According all the factors that we considered in the process of comparing these two cameras, Pentax 645D deserves a higher Total Score than the Leica Q. Thus, if you are choosing between these options, we would recommend you to choose the first model over the other one.

Pentax 645D vs Leica Q Table Of Technical Specs

For better understanding of each model’s technical characteristics, find the detailed comparison below:

Pentax 645D Leica Q
General
Brand Pentax Leica
Model 645D Q
Announced Mar 10, 2010 Jun 10, 2015
Body Type Large SLR" Large sensor compact
Sensor
Sensor Type CCD CMOS
Sensor Size Medium format Full frame
Sensor Dimensions 44 x 33 mm 36 x 24 mm
Sensor Area 1452.00 mm2 864.00 mm2
Sensor Resolution 40.0 MP 24.0 MP
Max Image Resolution 7264 x 5440 6000 x 4000
Max Native ISO 1,600 50,000
Max Boosted ISO n/a n/a
Min Native ISO 200 100
RAW Support Yes Yes
Lens
Manual Focus Yes Yes
Lens Mount Pentax 645AF2 Fixed lens
Number of Lenses 6 n/a
Focal Length Multiplier 0.8x n/a
Macro Focus Range 17
AutoFocus
AF Touch No Yes
AF Continuous Yes Yes
AF Single Yes Yes
AF Tracking No No
AF Selective Yes Yes
AF Center No Yes
AF Multi Area Yes Yes
AF Live View Yes Yes
AF Face Detection No Yes
AF Contrast Detection No Yes
AF Phase Detection Yes No
Number of Focus Points 11 n/a
Number of Cross Focus Points n/a n/a
Screen
Screen Type Fixed Type Fixed Type
Screen Size 3″ 3″
Screen Resolution 921k dots 1,040k dots
Live View No Yes
Touch Screen No Yes
ViewFinder
ViewFinder Optical (pentaprism) Electronic
ViewFinder Resolution 0k dots 3,680k dots
ViewFinder Coverage 98% 100%
ViewFinder Magnification 0.85
Photography Features
Min Shutter Speed 30 s 30 s
Max Shutter Speed 1/4000 s 1/16000 s
Continuous Shooting 1.0 fps 10.0 fps
Shutter Priority Yes Yes
Aperture Priority Yes Yes
Manual Exposure Mode Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation Yes Yes
Custom White Balance Yes Yes
Image Stabilization No Yes
Built-in Flash No No
Flash Range 0 0
Flash Modes Auto, Red-eye, Slow Sync, Rear Curtain no built-in flash
External Flash Yes Yes
AE Bracketing Yes Yes
WB Bracketing No No
Exposure Modes
Multi-Segment Yes Yes
Average No No
Spot Yes Yes
Partial No No
AF-Area No No
Center Weighted Yes No
DxO Sensor Scores
DxO Sensor Score 82 85
DxO Color Depth 24.6 24.3
DxO Dynamic Range 12.6 12.7
DxO Low Light ISO 1262 2221
Video Features
Video Resolutions n/a 1920 x 1080 (60p, 30p), 1280 x 720 (30p)
Max Video Resolution 1920 x 1080
Video Formats n/a MPEG-4
Microphone Port No No
Headphone Port No No
Connectivity
Wireless Connectivity No Yes
HDMI No Yes
USB USB 2.0 USB 2.0
Physical
Environmental Sealing Yes No
Water Proof No No
Dust Proof No No
Shock Proof No No
Crush Proof No No
Freeze Proof No No
Weight 1480 g 640 g
Physical Dimensions 156 x 117 x 119 mm 130 x 80 x 93 mm
Battery Life 800 shots n/a
Battery Type Battery Pack n/a
Battery Model D-LI90 BP-DC12
Other Features
Self Timer Yes Yes
Timelapse Recording Yes Yes
GPS
Storage Type SD/SDHC SD/SDHC/SDXC
Storage Slots 2 1

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