Nikon D700 vs Pentax 645Z

  • Full frame
  • 12 megapixels
  • Nikon F
  • 43
    Overall
  • 18
    Imaging
  • 45
    Features
  • 69
    Size
  • 0
    Price
  • Medium format
  • 51 megapixels
  • Pentax 645AF2
  • 70
    Overall
  • 60
    Imaging
  • 55
    Features
  • 66
    Size
  • 0
    Price

Nikon D700 vs Pentax 645Z: a Complete Review and Comparison

Are you looking for the best camera to suit your needs? Due to a wide range of options, making a wise and weighted decision can be rather challenging. Which specs to keep in mind? What are the key pros and cons of each model? This comparison should give some helpful hints!

In this review, we are going to make a detailed comparison of two cameras that fall into different categories. While the first model we are looking at, Nikon D700 belongs to a Semi-Pro DSLR category, the other model, Nikon D700 is a Pro DSLR camera. Nikon D700 is equipped with a 12.0 MP CMOS sensor, while Pentax 645Z comes with a 51.0 MP CMOS sensor.

To get started, let’s take a look at some of the key features of Nikon D700 and Pentax 645Z and, after this, we can go on to our detailed comparison of these models.

Nikon D700 Key Features:

  • 12.0 MP Full frame CMOS sensor
  • ISO 200 - 6400 (Expands to 100 - 25600)
  • Image Stabilization: No
  • 3″ Fixed Type Screen
  • ViewFinder: Yes
  • 5.0 fps Continuous Shooting
  • Built-in Wireless: No
  • Dimensions: 147 x 123 x 77 mm
  • Weight: 1074 g
  • Environmental Sealing: Yes
  • Built-in GPS: Yes
  • Replaced by Nikon D750. Compare

Pentax 645Z Key Features:

  • 51.0 MP Medium format CMOS sensor
  • ISO 100 - 204800
  • Image Stabilization: No
  • 3.2″ Tilting Screen
  • ViewFinder: Yes
  • 3.0 fps Continuous Shooting
  • Video: 1920 x 1080 (60i, 50i, 30p, 25p, 24p), 1280 x 720 (60p, 50p, 30p, 25p,24p)
  • Built-in Wireless: No
  • Dimensions: 156 x 117 x 123 mm
  • Weight: 1550 g
  • Environmental Sealing: Yes
  • Built-in GPS: Yes
  • Replaced Pentax 645D. Compare

Nikon D700 was substituted by Nikon D750. Be sure to check out some of our other overviews that may also interest you:
Nikon D700 vs. D750
Nikon D750 vs. Pentax 645Z

Why is Nikon D700 a better choice than Pentax 645Z

Continuous Shooting 5 fps vs 3 fps 2 fps faster
Built-In Flash Yes vs No All the lenses are stabilized
Max Shutter Speed 1/8000 vs 1/4000 Faster shutter speed
Number Of Focus Points 51 vs 27 24 more focus points
Battery Life 1000 shots vs 650 shots 350 more frames with a single charge
Weight 1074 g vs 1550 g 476 g lighter

What are the key reasons to pick Pentax 645Z over Nikon D700

Storage Slots 2 vs 1 Extra storage slot
Sensor Resolution 51.0 MP vs 12.0 MP 76.5% more pixels
Sensor Area 1452 mm2 vs 864 mm2 40.5% larger pixel area
AutoFocus Face Detection Yes vs No Very handy for portraits
Screen Size 3.2″ vs 3″ 0.2" larger screen
Screen Resolution 1,037k dots vs 922k dots 11.1% higher resolution screen
Dxo Color Depth 26 vs 23.5 Better color depth
Dxo Dynamic Range 14.7 vs 12.2 Better dynamic range
Dxo Low Light Iso 4505 vs 2303 Better High ISO performance
Viewfinder Magnification 0.85 vs 0.72 0.13 better magnification

Key PROs of Nikon D700 and Pentax 645Z

Screen Size 3″ | 3.2″ Large display
Viewfinder Optical (pentaprism) | Optical (pentaprism) Better framing and control
Raw Support Yes | Yes Better image quality
Timelapse Recording Yes | Yes Creative shooting
Bracketing Yes | Yes Useful for tough lighting conditions and HDR
Flash Sync Port Yes | Yes Port for Flash Sync
Environmental Sealing Yes | Yes Shoot at tough conditions
Battery Life 1000 shots | 650 shots Big number of frames with a single charge

Key CONs of Nikon D700 and Pentax 645Z

Touch Screen No | No No touch screen
Continuous Shooting 5.0 fps | 3.0 fps Low continuous shooting
Image Stabilization No | No No image stabilization

Nikon D700 vs Pentax 645Z: Comparing Two Models By Physical Characteristics

Before heading straight to the technical characteristics of each model, let’s start with comparing their physical specs. Let’s start with looking at the physical difference of the two products. Below are images that clearly show the sizes of Nikon D700 and Pentax 645Z from the front view.

Nikon D700
Pentax 645Z
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Now, let’s go on and see how the reviewed models are different or similar by the top view.

Nikon D700
Pentax 645Z
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After looking at these images, you should get a clear idea of each model’s dimensions and how they are different from each other. However, we are not going to stop there. The next characteristic worth looking at is the weight. Of course, not every photographer is concerned about the weight, for example, it wouldn't be a decisive point for those who shoot in a studio. However, it is still an important factor because if you happen to go on a long photo session or just love having the camera with you wherever you go, you want to be sure that the chosen model isn't too heavy.

Speaking of weight, Nikon D700 is a lighter option of these two, as it weights 476g less than the Pentax 645Z. This difference, in fact, can become a significant disadvantage for the photographers, who prefer to have their cameras with them wherever they go.

Comparing Nikon D700 and Pentax 645Z by the type of Sensor and Resolution

Sensor is, without a doubt, the most significant element of every digital camera. Its type, size, and resolution are the factors that define the quality of future shots. Thus, it is barely possible to pick a suitable camera without looking at these specs.

Are Nikon D700 and Pentax 645Z any different in terms of sensor type?

In fact, that's exactly what makes these two models really different. Thus, it is a good point to consider if your are choosing between these two cameras. Nikon D700 features a 12.0 MP Full frame sized CMOS sensor and boasts of a Expeed processor . Pentax 645Z, in its turn, comes with a 51.0 MP Medium format sized CMOS sensor and PRIME III processor , which makes it significantly different from the first model.

Take a look below to find the comparison of Nikon D700 and Pentax 645Z by the size of their sensors.

Nikon D700
Pentax 645Z
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One more distinctive feature of compared models is the sensor size. Pentax 645Z is equipped with a sensor that is 0.6x larger than the one featured in Nikon D700. Compared to the cameras with smaller sensor area, the ones with larger sensors ensure more control on the blurry background and depth of field if you shoot in the same aperture and focal length. Thus, the first model has a significant advantage here.

For Which Fields Of Photography Are Nikon D700 and Pentax 645Z Suitable?

If you are interested in photography or has made a career in this field, you should know that different types of shooting actually require different camera characteristics. While one model can produce outstanding portraits, at the same time, it can be terrible for shooting landscapes, and so on. Thus, before you purchase a specific camera, it is vital to decide, which type of shooting you do most often and consider an option that suits it the most.

This section of our comparison is devoted to the performance of Nikon D700 and Pentax 645Z in different fields of photography. Here we are going to look at the five main areas and evaluate how well each of the reviewed models performs in them. This will help you choose an option that suits your needs the most depending on your interest in one or several of these fields.

Photography Type Nikon D700 Pentax 645Z
Portrait Photography
82%
93%
Street Photography
90%
67%
Sports Photography
94%
92%
Daily Photography
78%
79%
Landscape Photography
93%
100%

Nikon D700 for Portrait Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Full frame (36 x 24 mm) sensor
  • Fast Max Shutter Speed (1/8000s)

Disadvantages:

  • You might not like Nikon skintone
  • No Image Stabilization

Pentax 645Z for Portrait Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Medium format (44 x 33 mm) sensor
  • High resolution sensor (51 MP)
  • Face Detection Focusing

Disadvantages:

  • No Image Stabilization

Nikon D700 for Street Photography

Advantages:

  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View
  • Large Full frame(36 x 24 mm) sensor
  • Big battery life (1000 shots)

Disadvantages:

  • Big size (147 x 123 x 77 mm)
  • No Image Stabilization

Pentax 645Z for Street Photography

Advantages:

  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View
  • Large Medium format(44 x 33 mm) sensor

Disadvantages:

  • Big size (156 x 117 x 123 mm)
  • No Image Stabilization

Nikon D700 for Sports Photography

Advantages:

  • Environmental Sealing
  • Fast Max Shutter Speed (1/8000s)
  • Big Number of autofocus Points (51)
  • Nice Low Light ISO (2303)
  • Big size (147 x 123 x 77 mm)

Disadvantages:

  • Slow Continuous Shooting (5.0 fps)
  • Bad Max Native ISO (6400)

Pentax 645Z for Sports Photography

Advantages:

  • Environmental Sealing
  • Nice Low Light ISO (4505)
  • Big size (156 x 117 x 123 mm)

Disadvantages:

  • Slow Continuous Shooting (3.0 fps)
  • Slow Max Shutter Speed (1/4000s)
  • Smal Number of autofocus Points (27)
  • Small battery life (650 shots)

Nikon D700 for Daily Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Full frame (36 x 24 mm) sensor
  • Built-in Flash
  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View

Disadvantages:

  • Big weight (1074 g)
  • Big size (147 x 123 x 77 mm)
  • Video is not available

Pentax 645Z for Daily Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Medium format (44 x 33 mm) sensor
  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View
  • Video is available

Disadvantages:

  • Big weight (1550 g)
  • Big size (156 x 117 x 123 mm)
  • No Built-in Flash

Nikon D700 for Landscape Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Full frame (36 x 24 mm) sensor
  • Good Dynamic Range (12.2)
  • Environmental Sealing
  • Live View
  • RAW Support
  • Nice Low Light ISO (2303)

Disadvantages:

  • Low resolution sensor (12 MP)
  • Bad Max Native ISO (6400)

Pentax 645Z for Landscape Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Medium format (44 x 33 mm) sensor
  • High resolution sensor (51 MP)
  • Good Dynamic Range (14.7)
  • Environmental Sealing
  • Live View
  • RAW Support
  • Nice Low Light ISO (4505)

Disadvantages:

No Significant Disadvantages

Comparison of Nikon D700 vs Pentax 645Z: Final Verdict

Hopefully, our detailed overview of these models has helped you consider all the main specs, pros and cons of each cameras. Maybe, after reading this comparison, some of you have already decided which option to opt for depending on your needs and preferences. However, if you are still wondering which option is a better choice, Nikon D700 or Pentax 645Z, below you can see what scores each of them received in five different aspects. To wrap up, we have used our unique Decision Algorithm that assesses different camera models upon 63 different factors including their price, and, if possible, DxO Mark scores. This algorithm allows us to make our verdict more consistent and objective.

What is our final verdict? Based on our comparison and the final scores of Nikon D700 and Pentax 645Z here is what we can say in conclusion:

According all the factors that we considered in the process of comparing these two cameras, Pentax 645Z deserves a higher Total Score than the Nikon D700. Thus, if you are choosing between these options, we would recommend you to choose the first model over the other one.

Nikon D700 vs Pentax 645Z Table Of Technical Specs

For better understanding of each model’s technical characteristics, find the detailed comparison below:

Nikon D700 Pentax 645Z
General
Brand Nikon Pentax
Model D700 645Z
Announced Oct 07, 2008 Apr 15, 2014
Body Type Mid-size SLR Large SLR
Sensor
Sensor Type CMOS CMOS
Sensor Size Full frame Medium format
Sensor Dimensions 36 x 24 mm 44 x 33 mm
Sensor Area 864.00 mm2 1452.00 mm2
Sensor Resolution 12.0 MP 51.0 MP
Max Image Resolution 4256 x 2832 8256 x 6192
Max Native ISO 6,400 204,800
Max Boosted ISO 25,600 n/a
Min Native ISO 200 100
RAW Support Yes Yes
Lens
Manual Focus Yes Yes
Lens Mount Nikon F Pentax 645AF2
Number of Lenses 287 6
Focal Length Multiplier 1x 0.8x
Macro Focus Range
AutoFocus
AF Touch No No
AF Continuous Yes Yes
AF Single Yes Yes
AF Tracking No Yes
AF Selective Yes Yes
AF Center No No
AF Multi Area Yes Yes
AF Live View Yes Yes
AF Face Detection No Yes
AF Contrast Detection No Yes
AF Phase Detection Yes Yes
Number of Focus Points 51 27
Number of Cross Focus Points n/a n/a
Screen
Screen Type Fixed Type Tilting
Screen Size 3″ 3.2″
Screen Resolution 922k dots 1,037k dots
Live View Yes Yes
Touch Screen No No
ViewFinder
ViewFinder Optical (pentaprism) Optical (pentaprism)
ViewFinder Resolution 0k dots 0k dots
ViewFinder Coverage 95% 98%
ViewFinder Magnification 0.72 0.85
Photography Features
Min Shutter Speed 30 s 30 s
Max Shutter Speed 1/8000 s 1/4000 s
Continuous Shooting 5.0 fps 3.0 fps
Shutter Priority Yes Yes
Aperture Priority Yes Yes
Manual Exposure Mode Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation Yes Yes
Custom White Balance Yes Yes
Image Stabilization No No
Built-in Flash Yes No
Flash Range 0
Flash Modes Auto, Red-eye, Slow sync, Rear curtain Flash On, Flash On+Red-eye Reduction, Slow-speed Sync, Slow-speed Sync+Red-eye, P-TTL, Trailing Curtain Sync, contrast-control-sync, high-speed sync, wireless sync
External Flash Yes Yes
AE Bracketing Yes Yes
WB Bracketing Yes No
Exposure Modes
Multi-Segment Yes Yes
Average Yes No
Spot Yes Yes
Partial No No
AF-Area No No
Center Weighted Yes Yes
DxO Sensor Scores
DxO Sensor Score 80 101
DxO Color Depth 23.5 26.0
DxO Dynamic Range 12.2 14.7
DxO Low Light ISO 2303 4505
Video Features
Video Resolutions n/a 1920 x 1080 (60i, 50i, 30p, 25p, 24p), 1280 x 720 (60p, 50p, 30p, 25p,24p)
Max Video Resolution 1920 x 1080
Video Formats n/a MPEG-4, H.264
Microphone Port No Yes
Headphone Port No No
Connectivity
Wireless Connectivity No No
HDMI Yes Yes
USB USB 2.0 USB 3.0
Physical
Environmental Sealing Yes Yes
Water Proof No No
Dust Proof No Yes
Shock Proof No No
Crush Proof No No
Freeze Proof No Yes
Weight 1074 g 1550 g
Physical Dimensions 147 x 123 x 77 mm 156 x 117 x 123 mm
Battery Life 1000 shots 650 shots
Battery Type Battery Pack Battery Pack
Battery Model EN-EL3e D-LI90
Other Features
Self Timer Yes Yes
Timelapse Recording Yes Yes
GPS Optional Optional
Storage Type Compact Flash (Type I) Dual SD/SDHC/SDXC slots
Storage Slots 1 2

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