Are you looking for the best camera to suit your needs? Due to a wide range of options, making a wise and weighted decision can be rather challenging. Which specs to keep in mind? What are the key pros and cons of each model? This comparison should give some helpful hints!
In this review, we are going to make a detailed comparison of two cameras that fall into different categories. While the first model we are looking at, Nikon D40 belongs to a Entry-Level DSLR category, the other model, Nikon D40 is a Semi-Pro Mirrorless camera. Both models feature different types of sensors. Thus, Nikon D40 comes with CCD sensor that has a resolution of 6.0 MP resolution, while our second compared model Sony Alpha a6400 features a 24.0 MP CMOS sensor.
Both cameras we are going to look at in our overview fall into two different categories - DSLR and MirrorLess. Keeping in mind all the distinctive features of each category, it will be hard to make a detailed comparison of these two models. However, we will do our best to make this review as unbiased and detailed as possible.
To get started, let’s take a look at some of the key features of Nikon D40 and Sony Alpha a6400 and, after this, we can go on to our detailed comparison of these models.
Nikon D40 Key Features:
Sony Alpha a6400 Key Features:
|Sensor Area||367.35 mm2 vs 366.6 mm2||0.2% larger pixel area|
|Flash Range||17 vs 6||11 better flash range|
|Wireless Connectivity||Built-In vs No||Better connectivity|
|NFC||Yes vs No||Easy wireless connectivity with compatible devices|
|Bluetooth||Yes vs No||Connect your camera to other devices via Bluetooth|
|Timelapse Recording||Yes vs No||Creative shooting|
|Sensor Resolution||24.0 MP vs 6.0 MP||75% more pixels|
|Continuous Shooting||11 fps vs 3 fps||8 fps faster|
|AutoFocus Face Detection||Yes vs No||Very handy for portraits|
|Screen Size||3″ vs 2.5″||0.5" larger screen|
|Screen Resolution||922k dots vs 230k dots||75.1% higher resolution screen|
|Touch Screen||Yes vs No||Easy control of camera functions|
|Weight||403 g vs 522 g||119 g lighter|
|Environmental Sealing||Yes vs No||Shoot at tough conditions|
|Dxo Color Depth||24 vs 21||Better color depth|
|Dxo Dynamic Range||13.6 vs 11||Better dynamic range|
|Dxo Low Light Iso||1431 vs 561||Better High ISO performance|
|Viewfinder Magnification||0.7 vs 0.53||0.17 better magnification|
|Viewfinder||Optical (pentamirror) | Electronic||Better framing and control|
|Raw Support||Yes | Yes||Better image quality|
|Built-In Flash||Yes | Yes||External flash available|
|Flash Sync Port||Yes | Yes||Port for Flash Sync|
|Screen Resolution||230k dots | 922k dots||Small screen resolution|
|Image Stabilization||No | No||No image stabilization|
Before heading straight to the technical characteristics of each model, let’s start with comparing their physical specs. Let’s start with looking at the physical difference of the two products. Below are images that clearly show the sizes of Nikon D40 and Sony Alpha a6400 from the front view.
Now, let’s go on and see how the reviewed models are different or similar by the top view.
After looking at these images, you should get a clear idea of each model’s dimensions and how they are different from each other. However, we are not going to stop there. The next characteristic worth looking at is the weight. Of course, not every photographer is concerned about the weight, for example, it wouldn't be a decisive point for those who shoot in a studio. However, it is still an important factor because if you happen to go on a long photo session or just love having the camera with you wherever you go, you want to be sure that the chosen model isn't too heavy.
Speaking of weight, Sony Alpha a6400 is a lighter option of these two, as it weights 119g less than the Nikon D40. This difference, in fact, can become a significant disadvantage for the photographers, who prefer to have their cameras with them wherever they go.
Sensor is, without a doubt, the most significant element of every digital camera. Its type, size, and resolution are the factors that define the quality of future shots. Thus, it is barely possible to pick a suitable camera without looking at these specs.
Are Nikon D40 and Sony Alpha a6400 any different in terms of sensor type?
In fact, that's exactly what makes these two models really different. Thus, it is a good point to consider if your are choosing between these two cameras. Nikon D40 features a 6.0 MP APS-C sized CCD sensor . Sony Alpha a6400, in its turn, comes with a 24.0 MP APS-C sized CMOS sensor and Bionz X processor , which makes it significantly different from the first model.
Take a look below to find the comparison of Nikon D40 and Sony Alpha a6400 by the size of their sensors.
Nikon D40 and Sony Alpha a6400 are identical by this indicator, as each feature a sensor of the same size. Thus, both cameras will provide the same level of control in terms of the depth of field if you use them with the same focal length and aperture.
If you are interested in photography or has made a career in this field, you should know that different types of shooting actually require different camera characteristics. While one model can produce outstanding portraits, at the same time, it can be terrible for shooting landscapes, and so on. Thus, before you purchase a specific camera, it is vital to decide, which type of shooting you do most often and consider an option that suits it the most.
This section of our comparison is devoted to the performance of Nikon D40 and Sony Alpha a6400 in different fields of photography. Here we are going to look at the five main areas and evaluate how well each of the reviewed models performs in them. This will help you choose an option that suits your needs the most depending on your interest in one or several of these fields.
|Photography Type||Nikon D40||Sony Alpha a6400|
No Significant Advantages
Disadvantages:No Significant Disadvantages
Hopefully, our detailed overview of these models has helped you consider all the main specs, pros and cons of each cameras. Maybe, after reading this comparison, some of you have already decided which option to opt for depending on your needs and preferences. However, if you are still wondering which option is a better choice, Nikon D40 or Sony Alpha a6400, below you can see what scores each of them received in five different aspects. To wrap up, we have used our unique Decision Algorithm that assesses different camera models upon 63 different factors including their price, and, if possible, DxO Mark scores. This algorithm allows us to make our verdict more consistent and objective.
What is our final verdict? Based on our comparison and the final scores of Nikon D40 and Sony Alpha a6400 here is what we can say in conclusion:
According all the factors that we considered in the process of comparing these two cameras, Sony Alpha a6400 deserves a higher Total Score than the Nikon D40. Thus, if you are choosing between these options, we would recommend you to choose the first model over the other one.
For better understanding of each model’s technical characteristics, find the detailed comparison below:
|Nikon D40||Sony Alpha a6400|
|Announced||Dec 20, 2006||Jan 15, 2019|
|Body Type||Compact SLR||Rangefinder-style mirrorless|
|Sensor Dimensions||23.7 x 15.5 mm||23.5 x 15.6 mm|
|Sensor Area||367.35 mm2||366.60 mm2|
|Sensor Resolution||6.0 MP||24.0 MP|
|Max Image Resolution||3008 x 2000||6000 x 4000|
|Max Native ISO||1,600||32,000|
|Max Boosted ISO||3,200||102,800|
|Min Native ISO||200||100|
|Lens Mount||Nikon F||Sony E|
|Number of Lenses||287||102|
|Focal Length Multiplier||1.5x||1.5x|
|Macro Focus Range|
|AF Multi Area|
|AF Live View|
|AF Face Detection|
|AF Contrast Detection|
|AF Phase Detection|
|Number of Focus Points||n/a||425|
|Number of Cross Focus Points||n/a||n/a|
|Screen Type||Fixed Type||Tilting|
|Screen Resolution||230k dots||922k dots|
|ViewFinder Resolution||0k dots||2,359k dots|
|Min Shutter Speed||30 s||30 s|
|Max Shutter Speed||1/4000 s||1/4000 s|
|Continuous Shooting||3.0 fps||11.0 fps|
|Manual Exposure Mode|
|Custom White Balance|
|Flash Modes||Front curtain, Rear curtain, Red-Eye, Slow, Red-Eye Slow||auto, slow sync, rear sync, redeye reduction, wireless, hi-speed sync|
|DxO Sensor Scores|
|DxO Sensor Score||56||83|
|DxO Color Depth||21.0||24.0|
|DxO Dynamic Range||11.0||13.6|
|DxO Low Light ISO||561||1431|
|Video Resolutions||n/a||3840 x 2160 @ 30p / 100 Mbps, XAVC S, MP4, H.264, Linear PCM|
|Max Video Resolution||3840 x 2160|
|Video Formats||n/a||MPEG-4, H.264|
|USB||USB 2.0||USB 2.0|
|Weight||522 g||403 g|
|Physical Dimensions||124 x 94 x 64 mm||120 x 67 x 60 mm|
|Battery Life||n/a||410 shots|
|Battery Type||n/a||Battery Pack|
|Storage Type||SD/SDHC card||SD/SDHC/SDXC/Memory Stick DUO (UHS-I compliant)|