Nikon D40 vs Canon EOS-1D X Mark II

  • APS-C
  • 6 megapixels
  • Nikon F
  • 38
    Overall
  • 9
    Imaging
  • 13
    Features
  • 74
    Size
  • 0
    Price
  • Full frame
  • 20 megapixels
  • Canon EF
  • 42
    Overall
  • 18
    Imaging
  • 60
    Features
  • 66
    Size
  • 0
    Price

Nikon D40 vs Canon EOS-1D X Mark II: a Complete Review and Comparison

Are you looking for the best camera to suit your needs? Due to a wide range of options, making a wise and weighted decision can be rather challenging. Which specs to keep in mind? What are the key pros and cons of each model? This comparison should give some helpful hints!

In this review, we are going to make a detailed comparison of two cameras that fall into different categories. While the first model we are looking at, Nikon D40 belongs to a Entry-Level DSLR category, the other model, Nikon D40 is a Pro DSLR camera. Both models feature different types of sensors. Thus, Nikon D40 comes with CCD sensor that has a resolution of 6.0 MP resolution, while our second compared model Canon EOS-1D X Mark II features a 20.0 MP CMOS sensor.

To get started, let’s take a look at some of the key features of Nikon D40 and Canon EOS-1D X Mark II and, after this, we can go on to our detailed comparison of these models.

Nikon D40 Key Features:

  • 6.0 MP APS-C CCD sensor
  • ISO 200 - 1600 (Expands to 3200)
  • Image Stabilization: No
  • ViewFinder: Yes
  • 3.0 fps Continuous Shooting
  • Built-in Wireless: No
  • Dimensions: 124 x 94 x 64 mm
  • Weight: 522 g
  • Environmental Sealing: No
  • Built-in GPS: No
  • Replaced by Nikon D3000. Compare

Canon EOS-1D X Mark II Key Features:

  • 20.0 MP Full frame CMOS sensor
  • ISO 100 - 51200 (Expands to 50 - 409600)
  • Image Stabilization: No
  • 3.2″ Fixed Type Screen
  • ViewFinder: Yes
  • 16.0 fps Continuous Shooting
  • Video: 4096 x 2160 (60p, 30p, 25p, 24p, 23.98p), 1920 x 1080 (120p, 60p, 50p, 25p, 24p, 23.98p)
  • Built-in Wireless: Yes
  • Dimensions: 158 x 168 x 83 mm
  • Weight: 1530 g
  • Environmental Sealing: Yes
  • Built-in GPS: Yes
  • Replaced Canon 1D X.

Nikon D40 was substituted by Nikon D3000. Be sure to check out some of our other overviews that may also interest you:
Nikon D40 vs. D3000
Nikon D3000 vs. Canon EOS-1D X Mark II

Why is Nikon D40 a better choice than Canon EOS-1D X Mark II

Built-In Flash Yes vs No All the lenses are stabilized
Flash Range 17 vs No 17 better flash range
Weight 522 g vs 1530 g 1008 g lighter

What are the key reasons to pick Canon EOS-1D X Mark II over Nikon D40

Wireless Connectivity Optional vs No Better connectivity
Gps Built-in vs No Has GPS
Storage Slots 2 vs 1 Extra storage slot
Sensor Resolution 20.0 MP vs 6.0 MP 70% more pixels
Sensor Area 864 mm2 vs 367.35 mm2 57.5% larger pixel area
Continuous Shooting 16 fps vs 3 fps 13 fps faster
Max Shutter Speed 1/8000 vs 1/4000 Faster shutter speed
AutoFocus Face Detection Yes vs No Very handy for portraits
Screen Size 3.2″ vs 2.5″ 0.7" larger screen
Screen Resolution 1,620k dots vs 230k dots 85.8% higher resolution screen
Touch Screen Yes vs No Easy control of camera functions
Environmental Sealing Yes vs No Shoot at tough conditions
Dxo Color Depth 24.1 vs 21 Better color depth
Dxo Dynamic Range 13.5 vs 11 Better dynamic range
Dxo Low Light Iso 3207 vs 561 Better High ISO performance
Viewfinder Optical (pentaprism) vs Optical (pentamirror) Better framing and control
Viewfinder Magnification 0.76 vs 0.53 0.23 better magnification

Key PROs of Nikon D40 and Canon EOS-1D X Mark II

Viewfinder Optical (pentamirror) | Optical (pentaprism) Better framing and control
Raw Support Yes | Yes Better image quality
Flash Sync Port Yes | Yes Port for Flash Sync

Key CONs of Nikon D40 and Canon EOS-1D X Mark II

Screen Type Fixed Type | Fixed Type No flexible viewing angles
Sensor Resolution 6.0 MP | 20.0 MP Small sensor resolution
Timelapse Recording No | No No timelapse recording
Image Stabilization No | No No image stabilization

Nikon D40 vs Canon EOS-1D X Mark II: Comparing Two Models By Physical Characteristics

Before heading straight to the technical characteristics of each model, let’s start with comparing their physical specs. Let’s start with looking at the physical difference of the two products. Below are images that clearly show the sizes of Nikon D40 and Canon EOS-1D X Mark II from the front view.

Nikon D40
Canon EOS-1D X Mark II
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Now, let’s go on and see how the reviewed models are different or similar by the top view.

Nikon D40
Canon EOS-1D X Mark II
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After looking at these images, you should get a clear idea of each model’s dimensions and how they are different from each other. However, we are not going to stop there. The next characteristic worth looking at is the weight. Of course, not every photographer is concerned about the weight, for example, it wouldn't be a decisive point for those who shoot in a studio. However, it is still an important factor because if you happen to go on a long photo session or just love having the camera with you wherever you go, you want to be sure that the chosen model isn't too heavy.

Speaking of weight, Nikon D40 is a lighter option of these two, as it weights 1008g less than the Canon EOS-1D X Mark II. This difference, in fact, can become a significant disadvantage for the photographers, who prefer to have their cameras with them wherever they go.

Comparing Nikon D40 and Canon EOS-1D X Mark II by the type of Sensor and Resolution

Sensor is, without a doubt, the most significant element of every digital camera. Its type, size, and resolution are the factors that define the quality of future shots. Thus, it is barely possible to pick a suitable camera without looking at these specs.

Are Nikon D40 and Canon EOS-1D X Mark II any different in terms of sensor type?

In fact, that's exactly what makes these two models really different. Thus, it is a good point to consider if your are choosing between these two cameras. Nikon D40 features a 6.0 MP APS-C sized CCD sensor . Canon EOS-1D X Mark II, in its turn, comes with a 20.0 MP Full frame sized CMOS sensor , which makes it significantly different from the first model.

Take a look below to find the comparison of Nikon D40 and Canon EOS-1D X Mark II by the size of their sensors.

Nikon D40
Canon EOS-1D X Mark II
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One more distinctive feature of compared models is the sensor size. Canon EOS-1D X Mark II is equipped with a sensor that is 0.4x larger than the one featured in Nikon D40. Compared to the cameras with smaller sensor area, the ones with larger sensors ensure more control on the blurry background and depth of field if you shoot in the same aperture and focal length. Thus, the first model has a significant advantage here.

For Which Fields Of Photography Are Nikon D40 and Canon EOS-1D X Mark II Suitable?

If you are interested in photography or has made a career in this field, you should know that different types of shooting actually require different camera characteristics. While one model can produce outstanding portraits, at the same time, it can be terrible for shooting landscapes, and so on. Thus, before you purchase a specific camera, it is vital to decide, which type of shooting you do most often and consider an option that suits it the most.

This section of our comparison is devoted to the performance of Nikon D40 and Canon EOS-1D X Mark II in different fields of photography. Here we are going to look at the five main areas and evaluate how well each of the reviewed models performs in them. This will help you choose an option that suits your needs the most depending on your interest in one or several of these fields.

Photography Type Nikon D40 Canon EOS-1D X Mark II
Portrait Photography
40%
97%
Street Photography
69%
78%
Sports Photography
56%
97%
Daily Photography
89%
68%
Landscape Photography
67%
98%

Nikon D40 for Portrait Photography

Advantages:

  • Large APS-C (23.7 x 15.5 mm) sensor

Disadvantages:

  • You might not like Nikon skintone
  • No Image Stabilization

Canon EOS-1D X Mark II for Portrait Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Full frame (36 x 24 mm) sensor
  • Fast Max Shutter Speed (1/8000s)
  • Canon is famous with its skintones
  • Face Detection Focusing

Disadvantages:

  • No Image Stabilization

Nikon D40 for Street Photography

Advantages:

  • Built-in View Finder
  • Large APS-C(23.7 x 15.5 mm) sensor

Disadvantages:

  • Big size (124 x 94 x 64 mm)
  • No Image Stabilization

Canon EOS-1D X Mark II for Street Photography

Advantages:

  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View
  • Large Full frame(36 x 24 mm) sensor
  • Big battery life (1210 shots)

Disadvantages:

  • Big size (158 x 168 x 83 mm)
  • No Image Stabilization

Nikon D40 for Sports Photography

Advantages:

No Significant Advantages

Disadvantages:

  • Slow Continuous Shooting (3.0 fps)
  • No Environmental Sealing
  • Slow Max Shutter Speed (1/4000s)
  • Bad Low Light ISO (561)

Canon EOS-1D X Mark II for Sports Photography

Advantages:

  • Fast Continuous Shooting (16.0 fps)
  • Environmental Sealing
  • Fast Max Shutter Speed (1/8000s)
  • Big Number of autofocus Points (61)
  • Nice Low Light ISO (3207)
  • Big battery life (1210 shots)
  • Big size (158 x 168 x 83 mm)

Disadvantages:

No Significant Disadvantages

Nikon D40 for Daily Photography

Advantages:

  • Large APS-C (23.7 x 15.5 mm) sensor
  • Built-in Flash
  • Built-in View Finder

Disadvantages:

  • Big weight (522 g)
  • Big size (124 x 94 x 64 mm)
  • Video is not available

Canon EOS-1D X Mark II for Daily Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Full frame (36 x 24 mm) sensor
  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View
  • Wireless Connectivity
  • Video is available

Disadvantages:

  • Big weight (1530 g)
  • Big size (158 x 168 x 83 mm)
  • No Built-in Flash

Nikon D40 for Landscape Photography

Advantages:

  • Large APS-C (23.7 x 15.5 mm) sensor
  • RAW Support

Disadvantages:

  • Low resolution sensor (6 MP)
  • Bad Dynamic Range (11.0)
  • No Environmental Sealing
  • Bad Low Light ISO (561)

Canon EOS-1D X Mark II for Landscape Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Full frame (36 x 24 mm) sensor
  • Good Dynamic Range (13.5)
  • Environmental Sealing
  • Live View
  • RAW Support
  • Nice Low Light ISO (3207)

Disadvantages:

  • Low resolution sensor (20 MP)

Comparison of Nikon D40 vs Canon EOS-1D X Mark II: Final Verdict

Hopefully, our detailed overview of these models has helped you consider all the main specs, pros and cons of each cameras. Maybe, after reading this comparison, some of you have already decided which option to opt for depending on your needs and preferences. However, if you are still wondering which option is a better choice, Nikon D40 or Canon EOS-1D X Mark II, below you can see what scores each of them received in five different aspects. To wrap up, we have used our unique Decision Algorithm that assesses different camera models upon 63 different factors including their price, and, if possible, DxO Mark scores. This algorithm allows us to make our verdict more consistent and objective.

What is our final verdict? Based on our comparison and the final scores of Nikon D40 and Canon EOS-1D X Mark II here is what we can say in conclusion:

According all the factors that we considered in the process of comparing these two cameras, Canon EOS-1D X Mark II deserves a higher Total Score than the Nikon D40. Thus, if you are choosing between these options, we would recommend you to choose the first model over the other one.

Nikon D40 vs Canon EOS-1D X Mark II Table Of Technical Specs

For better understanding of each model’s technical characteristics, find the detailed comparison below:

Nikon D40 Canon EOS-1D X Mark II
General
Brand Nikon Canon
Model D40 EOS-1D X Mark II
Announced Dec 20, 2006 Feb 02, 2016
Body Type Compact SLR Large SLR
Sensor
Sensor Type CCD CMOS
Sensor Size APS-C Full frame
Sensor Dimensions 23.7 x 15.5 mm 36 x 24 mm
Sensor Area 367.35 mm2 864.00 mm2
Sensor Resolution 6.0 MP 20.0 MP
Max Image Resolution 3008 x 2000 5472 x 3648
Max Native ISO 1,600 51,200
Max Boosted ISO 3,200 409,600
Min Native ISO 200 100
RAW Support Yes Yes
Lens
Manual Focus Yes Yes
Lens Mount Nikon F Canon EF
Number of Lenses 287 256
Focal Length Multiplier 1.5x 1x
Macro Focus Range
AutoFocus
AF Touch No Yes
AF Continuous Yes Yes
AF Single Yes Yes
AF Tracking No Yes
AF Selective Yes Yes
AF Center Yes Yes
AF Multi Area Yes Yes
AF Live View No Yes
AF Face Detection No Yes
AF Contrast Detection No Yes
AF Phase Detection Yes Yes
Number of Focus Points n/a 61
Number of Cross Focus Points n/a n/a
Screen
Screen Type Fixed Type Fixed Type
Screen Size 2.5″ 3.2″
Screen Resolution 230k dots 1,620k dots
Live View No Yes
Touch Screen No Yes
ViewFinder
ViewFinder Optical (pentamirror) Optical (pentaprism)
ViewFinder Resolution 0k dots 0k dots
ViewFinder Coverage 95% 100%
ViewFinder Magnification 0.53 0.76
Photography Features
Min Shutter Speed 30 s 30 s
Max Shutter Speed 1/4000 s 1/8000 s
Continuous Shooting 3.0 fps 16.0 fps
Shutter Priority Yes Yes
Aperture Priority Yes Yes
Manual Exposure Mode Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation Yes Yes
Custom White Balance Yes Yes
Image Stabilization No No
Built-in Flash Yes No
Flash Range 17 0
Flash Modes Front curtain, Rear curtain, Red-Eye, Slow, Red-Eye Slow no built-in flash
External Flash Yes Yes
AE Bracketing No Yes
WB Bracketing No No
Exposure Modes
Multi-Segment No Yes
Average No No
Spot No Yes
Partial No No
AF-Area No No
Center Weighted No No
DxO Sensor Scores
DxO Sensor Score 56 88
DxO Color Depth 21.0 24.1
DxO Dynamic Range 11.0 13.5
DxO Low Light ISO 561 3207
Video Features
Video Resolutions n/a 4096 x 2160 (60p, 30p, 25p, 24p, 23.98p), 1920 x 1080 (120p, 60p, 50p, 25p, 24p, 23.98p)
Max Video Resolution 4096 x 2160
Video Formats n/a MPEG-4, H.264, Motion JPEG
Microphone Port No Yes
Headphone Port No Yes
Connectivity
Wireless Connectivity No Yes
HDMI No Yes
USB USB 2.0 USB 3.0
Physical
Environmental Sealing No Yes
Water Proof No No
Dust Proof No No
Shock Proof No No
Crush Proof No No
Freeze Proof No No
Weight 522 g 1530 g
Physical Dimensions 124 x 94 x 64 mm 158 x 168 x 83 mm
Battery Life n/a 1210 shots
Battery Type n/a Battery Pack
Battery Model EN-EL9 LP-E19
Other Features
Self Timer Yes Yes
Timelapse Recording No No
GPS Built-in
Storage Type SD/SDHC card n/a
Storage Slots 1 2

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