Nikon D3400 vs Nikon Z 6

  • APS-C
  • 24 megapixels
  • Nikon F
  • 48
    Overall
  • 24
    Imaging
  • 33
    Features
  • 73
    Size
  • 0
    Price
  • Full frame
  • 25 megapixels
  • Nikon Z
  • 46
    Overall
  • 19
    Imaging
  • 78
    Features
  • 73
    Size
  • 0
    Price

Nikon D3400 vs Nikon Z 6: a Complete Review and Comparison

Are you looking for the best camera to suit your needs? Due to a wide range of options, making a wise and weighted decision can be rather challenging. Which specs to keep in mind? What are the key pros and cons of each model? This comparison should give some helpful hints!

The goal of this overview is to provide a detailed comparison of two popular camera models introduced by the same brand - Nikon. Although both products are offered by the same brand, they come from different categories. Thus, Nikon, is a camera from Entry-Level DSLR category, while Z 6 is a Pro Mirrorless camera. Both products that we are going to review are equipped with the same type of sensor - CMOS. However, they have different resolution. The first compared model, Nikon D3400, features has a resolution of 24.0 MP. Another model that we are reviewing, Nikon Z 6, features a sensor with a resolution of 25.0 MP.

Without a doubt, these two categories have a few considerable distinctive features. However, it is worth saying that cameras from DSLR category create serious competition to models that fall into MirrorLess category. Such an intense competition between these two categories is explained by the significant advantages of cameras from the first category in terms of size and weight. In addition, thanks to the latest enhancement, this type of cameras come with increased focus speeds. This fact makes our comparison overview even more exciting.

Now, before we can move on to our comparison, let's take a moment to look at the key characteristics of Nikon D3400 and Nikon Z 6.

Nikon D3400 Key Features:

  • 24.0 MP APS-C CMOS sensor
  • ISO 100 - 25600
  • Image Stabilization: No
  • 3″ Fixed Type Screen
  • ViewFinder: Yes
  • 5.0 fps Continuous Shooting
  • Video: 1920 x 1080 (60, 50, 30, 25, 24 fps), 1280 x 720 (60, 50 fps), 640 x 424 (30, 25 fps)
  • Built-in Wireless: No
  • Dimensions: 124 x 98 x 76 mm
  • Weight: 395 g
  • Environmental Sealing: No
  • Built-in GPS: Yes
  • Replaced Nikon D3300. Compare
  • Replaced by Nikon D3500. Compare

Nikon Z 6 Key Features:

  • 25.0 MP Full frame CMOS sensor
  • ISO 100 - 51200 (Expands to 50 - 204800)
  • Image Stabilization: Yes
  • 3.2″ Tilting Screen
  • ViewFinder: Yes
  • 12.0 fps Continuous Shooting
  • Video: 3840 x 2160 @ 30p / 144 Mbps, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • Built-in Wireless: Yes
  • Dimensions: 134 x 101 x 68 mm
  • Weight: 675 g
  • Environmental Sealing: Yes
  • Built-in GPS: No

Since Nikon D3400 has been around for some time, it was substituted by Nikon D3500. Be sure to check out some of our other comparisons that may also interest you:
Nikon D3400 vs. D3500
Nikon D3500 vs. Nikon Z 6

Being a newer model, Nikon D3400 substituted Nikon D3300. Be sure to check out some of our other comparisons that may also interest you:
Nikon D3400 vs. D3300
Nikon D3300 vs. Nikon Z 6

Why is Nikon D3400 a better choice than Nikon Z 6

Built-In Flash Yes vs No All the lenses are stabilized
Flash Range 12 vs No 12 better flash range
Battery Life 1200 shots vs 330 shots 870 more frames with a single charge
Weight 395 g vs 675 g 280 g lighter

What are the key reasons to pick Nikon Z 6 over Nikon D3400

Wireless Connectivity Built-In vs No Better connectivity
Timelapse Recording Yes vs No Creative shooting
Sensor Resolution 25.0 MP vs 24.0 MP 4% more pixels
Sensor Area 858.01 mm2 vs 366.6 mm2 57.3% larger pixel area
Image Stabilization Yes vs No All lenses are stabilized
Continuous Shooting 12 fps vs 5 fps 7 fps faster
Max Shutter Speed 1/8000 vs 1/4000 Faster shutter speed
Number Of Focus Points 273 vs 11 262 more focus points
Screen Size 3.2″ vs 3″ 0.2" larger screen
Screen Resolution 2,100k dots vs 921k dots 56.1% higher resolution screen
Touch Screen Yes vs No Easy control of camera functions
Environmental Sealing Yes vs No Shoot at tough conditions
Max Video Resolution 3840 x 2160 vs 1920 x 1080 Higher Resolution Video
Microphone Port Yes vs No High quality audio recording option
Headphone Port Yes vs No Has headphone port
Viewfinder Magnification 0.8 vs 0.56 0.24 better magnification

Key PROs of Nikon D3400 and Nikon Z 6

Screen Size 3″ | 3.2″ Large display
Viewfinder Optical (pentamirror) | Electronic Better framing and control
Raw Support Yes | Yes Better image quality
Sensor Resolution 24.0 MP | 25.0 MP Bigger prints and more details
AutoFocus Face Detection Yes | Yes Very handy for portraits
Flash Sync Port Yes | Yes Port for Flash Sync

Nikon D3400 vs Nikon Z 6: Comparing Two Models By Physical Characteristics

Before heading straight to the technical characteristics of each model, let’s start with comparing their physical specs. Let’s start with looking at the physical difference of the two products. Below are images that clearly show the sizes of Nikon D3400 and Nikon Z 6 from the front view.

Nikon D3400
Nikon Z 6
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Now, let’s go on and see how the reviewed models are different or similar by the top view.

Nikon D3400
Nikon Z 6
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After looking at these images, you should get a clear idea of each model’s dimensions and how they are different from each other. However, we are not going to stop there. The next characteristic worth looking at is the weight. Of course, not every photographer is concerned about the weight, for example, it wouldn't be a decisive point for those who shoot in a studio. However, it is still an important factor because if you happen to go on a long photo session or just love having the camera with you wherever you go, you want to be sure that the chosen model isn't too heavy.

Speaking of weight, Nikon D3400 is a lighter option of these two, as it weights 280g less than the Nikon Z 6. This difference, in fact, can become a significant disadvantage for the photographers, who prefer to have their cameras with them wherever they go.

Comparing Nikon D3400 and Nikon Z 6 by the type of Sensor and Resolution

Sensor is, without a doubt, the most significant element of every digital camera. Its type, size, and resolution are the factors that define the quality of future shots. Thus, it is barely possible to pick a suitable camera without looking at these specs.

Are Nikon D3400 and Nikon Z 6 any different in terms of sensor type?

In fact, that's exactly what makes these two models really different. Thus, it is a good point to consider if your are choosing between these two cameras. Nikon D3400 features a 24.0 MP APS-C sized CMOS sensor . Nikon Z 6, in its turn, comes with a 25.0 MP Full frame sized CMOS sensor , which makes it significantly different from the first model.

Take a look below to find the comparison of Nikon D3400 and Nikon Z 6 by the size of their sensors.

Nikon D3400
Nikon Z 6
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One more distinctive feature of compared models is the sensor size. Nikon Z 6 is equipped with a sensor that is 0.4x larger than the one featured in Nikon D3400. Compared to the cameras with smaller sensor area, the ones with larger sensors ensure more control on the blurry background and depth of field if you shoot in the same aperture and focal length. Thus, the first model has a significant advantage here.

For Which Fields Of Photography Are Nikon D3400 and Nikon Z 6 Suitable?

If you are interested in photography or has made a career in this field, you should know that different types of shooting actually require different camera characteristics. While one model can produce outstanding portraits, at the same time, it can be terrible for shooting landscapes, and so on. Thus, before you purchase a specific camera, it is vital to decide, which type of shooting you do most often and consider an option that suits it the most.

This section of our comparison is devoted to the performance of Nikon D3400 and Nikon Z 6 in different fields of photography. Here we are going to look at the five main areas and evaluate how well each of the reviewed models performs in them. This will help you choose an option that suits your needs the most depending on your interest in one or several of these fields.

Photography Type Nikon D3400 Nikon Z 6
Portrait Photography
83%
98%
Street Photography
73%
96%
Sports Photography
61%
98%
Daily Photography
56%
69%
Landscape Photography
94%
92%

Nikon D3400 for Portrait Photography

Advantages:

  • Large APS-C (23.5 x 15.6 mm) sensor
  • High resolution sensor (24 MP)
  • Face Detection Focusing

Disadvantages:

  • You might not like Nikon skintone
  • No Image Stabilization

Nikon Z 6 for Portrait Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Full frame (35.9 x 23.9 mm) sensor
  • High resolution sensor (25 MP)
  • Fast Max Shutter Speed (1/8000s)
  • Image Stabilization
  • Face Detection Focusing

Disadvantages:

  • You might not like Nikon skintone

Nikon D3400 for Street Photography

Advantages:

  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View
  • Large APS-C(23.5 x 15.6 mm) sensor
  • Big battery life (1200 shots)

Disadvantages:

  • Big size (124 x 98 x 76 mm)
  • No Image Stabilization
  • Small Number of autofocus Points (11)

Nikon Z 6 for Street Photography

Advantages:

  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View
  • Image Stabilization
  • Large Full frame(35.9 x 23.9 mm) sensor

Disadvantages:

  • Big size (134 x 101 x 68 mm)

Nikon D3400 for Sports Photography

Advantages:

  • Big size (124 x 98 x 76 mm)

Disadvantages:

  • Slow Continuous Shooting (5.0 fps)
  • No Environmental Sealing
  • Slow Max Shutter Speed (1/4000s)
  • Smal Number of autofocus Points (11)
  • Bad Low Light ISO (1192)

Nikon Z 6 for Sports Photography

Advantages:

  • Fast Continuous Shooting (12.0 fps)
  • Environmental Sealing
  • Fast Max Shutter Speed (1/8000s)
  • Big Number of autofocus Points (273)
  • Big size (134 x 101 x 68 mm)

Disadvantages:

  • Small battery life (330 shots)

Nikon D3400 for Daily Photography

Advantages:

  • Large APS-C (23.5 x 15.6 mm) sensor
  • Built-in Flash
  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View
  • Video is available

Disadvantages:

  • Big size (124 x 98 x 76 mm)

Nikon Z 6 for Daily Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Full frame (35.9 x 23.9 mm) sensor
  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View
  • Wireless Connectivity
  • Video is available

Disadvantages:

  • Big weight (675 g)
  • Big size (134 x 101 x 68 mm)
  • No Built-in Flash

Nikon D3400 for Landscape Photography

Advantages:

  • Large APS-C (23.5 x 15.6 mm) sensor
  • High resolution sensor (24 MP)
  • Good Dynamic Range (13.9)
  • Live View
  • RAW Support

Disadvantages:

  • No Environmental Sealing
  • Bad Low Light ISO (1192)

Nikon Z 6 for Landscape Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Full frame (35.9 x 23.9 mm) sensor
  • High resolution sensor (25 MP)
  • Environmental Sealing
  • Live View
  • RAW Support

Disadvantages:

No Significant Disadvantages

Comparison of Nikon D3400 vs Nikon Z 6: Final Verdict

Hopefully, our detailed overview of these models has helped you consider all the main specs, pros and cons of each cameras. Maybe, after reading this comparison, some of you have already decided which option to opt for depending on your needs and preferences. However, if you are still wondering which option is a better choice, Nikon D3400 or Nikon Z 6, below you can see what scores each of them received in five different aspects. To wrap up, we have used our unique Decision Algorithm that assesses different camera models upon 63 different factors including their price, and, if possible, DxO Mark scores. This algorithm allows us to make our verdict more consistent and objective.

What is our final verdict? Based on our comparison and the final scores of Nikon D3400 and Nikon Z 6 here is what we can say in conclusion:

According all the factors that we considered in the process of comparing these two cameras, Nikon D3400 deserves a higher Total Score than the Nikon Z 6. Thus, if you are choosing between these options, we would recommend you to choose the first model over the other one.

Nikon D3400 vs Nikon Z 6 Table Of Technical Specs

For better understanding of each model’s technical characteristics, find the detailed comparison below:

Nikon D3400 Nikon Z 6
General
Brand Nikon Nikon
Model D3400 Z 6
Announced Aug 17, 2016 Aug 23, 2018
Body Type Compact SLR Rangefinder-style mirrorless
Sensor
Sensor Type CMOS CMOS
Sensor Size APS-C Full frame
Sensor Dimensions 23.5 x 15.6 mm 35.9 x 23.9 mm
Sensor Area 366.60 mm2 858.01 mm2
Sensor Resolution 24.0 MP 25.0 MP
Max Image Resolution 6000 x 4000 6048 x 4024
Max Native ISO 25,600 51,200
Max Boosted ISO n/a 204,800
Min Native ISO 100 100
RAW Support Yes Yes
Lens
Manual Focus Yes Yes
Lens Mount Nikon F Nikon Z
Number of Lenses 287 3
Focal Length Multiplier 1.5x 1x
Macro Focus Range
AutoFocus
AF Touch No Yes
AF Continuous Yes Yes
AF Single Yes Yes
AF Tracking Yes Yes
AF Selective Yes Yes
AF Center Yes Yes
AF Multi Area Yes Yes
AF Live View Yes Yes
AF Face Detection Yes Yes
AF Contrast Detection Yes Yes
AF Phase Detection Yes Yes
Number of Focus Points 11 273
Number of Cross Focus Points n/a n/a
Screen
Screen Type Fixed Type Tilting
Screen Size 3″ 3.2″
Screen Resolution 921k dots 2,100k dots
Live View Yes Yes
Touch Screen No Yes
ViewFinder
ViewFinder Optical (pentamirror) Electronic
ViewFinder Resolution 0k dots 3,690k dots
ViewFinder Coverage 95% 100%
ViewFinder Magnification 0.56 0.8
Photography Features
Min Shutter Speed 30 s 30 s
Max Shutter Speed 1/4000 s 1/8000 s
Continuous Shooting 5.0 fps 12.0 fps
Shutter Priority Yes Yes
Aperture Priority Yes Yes
Manual Exposure Mode Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation Yes Yes
Custom White Balance Yes Yes
Image Stabilization No Yes
Built-in Flash Yes No
Flash Range 12 0
Flash Modes Auto, Auto slow sync, Auto slow sync with red-eye reduction, Auto with red-eye reduction, Fill-flash, Rear-curtain sync, Rear-curtain with slow sync, Red-eye reduction, Red-eye reduction with slow sync, Slow sync Front-curtain sync, slow sync, rear-curtain sync, red-eye reduction, red-eye reduction with slow sync, slow rear-curtain sync
External Flash Yes Yes
AE Bracketing No Yes
WB Bracketing Yes Yes
Exposure Modes
Multi-Segment Yes Yes
Average No Yes
Spot Yes Yes
Partial No No
AF-Area Yes No
Center Weighted Yes No
Video Features
Video Resolutions 1920 x 1080 (60, 50, 30, 25, 24 fps), 1280 x 720 (60, 50 fps), 640 x 424 (30, 25 fps) 3840 x 2160 @ 30p / 144 Mbps, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
Max Video Resolution 1920 x 1080 3840 x 2160
Video Formats MPEG-4, H.264 MPEG-4, H.264
Microphone Port No Yes
Headphone Port No Yes
Connectivity
Wireless Connectivity No Yes
HDMI Yes Yes
USB USB 2.0 USB 1
Physical
Environmental Sealing No Yes
Water Proof No No
Dust Proof No No
Shock Proof No No
Crush Proof No No
Freeze Proof No No
Weight 395 g 675 g
Physical Dimensions 124 x 98 x 76 mm 134 x 101 x 68 mm
Battery Life 1200 shots 330 shots
Battery Type Battery Pack Battery Pack
Battery Model EN-EL14a n/a
Other Features
Self Timer Yes Yes
Timelapse Recording No Yes
GPS Optional
Storage Type SD/SDHC/SDXC XQD card
Storage Slots 1 1

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