Are you looking for the best camera to suit your needs? Due to a wide range of options, making a wise and weighted decision can be rather challenging. Which specs to keep in mind? What are the key pros and cons of each model? This comparison should give some helpful hints!
The goal of this overview is to provide a detailed comparison of two popular camera models from Entry-Level DSLR category, introduced by Nikon. We are going to take a closer look at the technical and physical characteristics, features, and performance. The models we are going to assess and compare in this review are D3400 and D40. The models we are going to compare in our review have different sensors. Nikon D3400 features a CMOS sensor that has a resolution of 24.0 MP. Nikon D40, on the contrary, has a different CCD sensor with 24.0 MP resolution.
Now, before we can move on to our comparison, let's take a moment to look at the key characteristics of Nikon D3400 and Nikon D40.
Nikon D3400 Key Features:
Nikon D40 Key Features:
Since Nikon D3400 has been around for some time, it was substituted by
Be sure to check out some of our other comparisons that may also interest you:
Nikon D3400 vs. D3500
Nikon D3500 vs. Nikon D40
|Bluetooth||Yes vs No||Connect your camera to other devices via Bluetooth|
|Sensor Resolution||24.0 MP vs 6.0 MP||75% more pixels|
|Continuous Shooting||5 fps vs 3 fps||2 fps faster|
|AutoFocus Face Detection||Yes vs No||Very handy for portraits|
|Screen Size||3″ vs 2.5″||0.5" larger screen|
|Screen Resolution||921k dots vs 230k dots||75% higher resolution screen|
|Weight||395 g vs 522 g||127 g lighter|
|Dxo Color Depth||24.8 vs 21||Better color depth|
|Dxo Dynamic Range||13.9 vs 11||Better dynamic range|
|Dxo Low Light Iso||1192 vs 561||Better High ISO performance|
|Viewfinder Magnification||0.56 vs 0.53||0.03 better magnification|
|Sensor Area||367.35 mm2 vs 366.6 mm2||0.2% larger pixel area|
|Flash Range||17 vs 12||5 better flash range|
|Viewfinder||Optical (pentamirror) | Optical (pentamirror)||Better framing and control|
|Raw Support||Yes | Yes||Better image quality|
|Built-In Flash||Yes | Yes||External flash available|
|Flash Sync Port||Yes | Yes||Port for Flash Sync|
|Touch Screen||No | No||No touch screen|
|Screen Resolution||921k dots | 230k dots||Small screen resolution|
|Screen Type||Fixed Type | Fixed Type||No flexible viewing angles|
|Timelapse Recording||No | No||No timelapse recording|
|Bracketing||No | No||No AE bracketing|
|Continuous Shooting||5.0 fps | 3.0 fps||Low continuous shooting|
|Image Stabilization||No | No||No image stabilization|
|Environmental Sealing||No | No||No environmental sealing|
Before heading straight to the technical characteristics of each model, let’s start with comparing their physical specs. Let’s start with looking at the physical difference of the two products. Below are images that clearly show the sizes of Nikon D3400 and Nikon D40 from the front view.
Now, let’s go on and see how the reviewed models are different or similar by the top view.
After looking at these images, you should get a clear idea of each model’s dimensions and how they are different from each other. However, we are not going to stop there. The next characteristic worth looking at is the weight. Of course, not every photographer is concerned about the weight, for example, it wouldn't be a decisive point for those who shoot in a studio. However, it is still an important factor because if you happen to go on a long photo session or just love having the camera with you wherever you go, you want to be sure that the chosen model isn't too heavy.
Speaking of weight, Nikon D3400 is a lighter option of these two, as it weights 127g less than the Nikon D40. This difference, in fact, can become a significant disadvantage for the photographers, who prefer to have their cameras with them wherever they go.
Sensor is, without a doubt, the most significant element of every digital camera. Its type, size, and resolution are the factors that define the quality of future shots. Thus, it is barely possible to pick a suitable camera without looking at these specs.
Are Nikon D3400 and Nikon D40 any different in terms of sensor type?
In fact, that's exactly what makes these two models really different. Thus, it is a good point to consider if your are choosing between these two cameras. Nikon D3400 features a 24.0 MP APS-C sized CMOS sensor . Nikon D40, in its turn, comes with a 6.0 MP APS-C sized CCD sensor , which makes it significantly different from the first model.
Take a look below to find the comparison of Nikon D3400 and Nikon D40 by the size of their sensors.
Nikon D3400 and Nikon D40 are identical by this indicator, as each feature a sensor of the same size. Thus, both cameras will provide the same level of control in terms of the depth of field if you use them with the same focal length and aperture.
If you are interested in photography or has made a career in this field, you should know that different types of shooting actually require different camera characteristics. While one model can produce outstanding portraits, at the same time, it can be terrible for shooting landscapes, and so on. Thus, before you purchase a specific camera, it is vital to decide, which type of shooting you do most often and consider an option that suits it the most.
This section of our comparison is devoted to the performance of Nikon D3400 and Nikon D40 in different fields of photography. Here we are going to look at the five main areas and evaluate how well each of the reviewed models performs in them. This will help you choose an option that suits your needs the most depending on your interest in one or several of these fields.
|Photography Type||Nikon D3400||Nikon D40|
No Significant Advantages
Hopefully, our detailed overview of these models has helped you consider all the main specs, pros and cons of each cameras. Maybe, after reading this comparison, some of you have already decided which option to opt for depending on your needs and preferences. However, if you are still wondering which option is a better choice, Nikon D3400 or Nikon D40, below you can see what scores each of them received in five different aspects. To wrap up, we have used our unique Decision Algorithm that assesses different camera models upon 63 different factors including their price, and, if possible, DxO Mark scores. This algorithm allows us to make our verdict more consistent and objective.
What is our final verdict? Based on our comparison and the final scores of Nikon D3400 and Nikon D40 here is what we can say in conclusion:
According all the factors that we considered in the process of comparing these two cameras, Nikon D3400 deserves a higher Total Score than the Nikon D40. Thus, if you are choosing between these options, we would recommend you to choose the first model over the other one.
For better understanding of each model’s technical characteristics, find the detailed comparison below:
|Nikon D3400||Nikon D40|
|Announced||Aug 17, 2016||Dec 20, 2006|
|Body Type||Compact SLR||Compact SLR|
|Sensor Dimensions||23.5 x 15.6 mm||23.7 x 15.5 mm|
|Sensor Area||366.60 mm2||367.35 mm2|
|Sensor Resolution||24.0 MP||6.0 MP|
|Max Image Resolution||6000 x 4000||3008 x 2000|
|Max Native ISO||25,600||1,600|
|Max Boosted ISO||n/a||3,200|
|Min Native ISO||100||200|
|Lens Mount||Nikon F||Nikon F|
|Number of Lenses||287||287|
|Focal Length Multiplier||1.5x||1.5x|
|Macro Focus Range|
|AF Multi Area|
|AF Live View|
|AF Face Detection|
|AF Contrast Detection|
|AF Phase Detection|
|Number of Focus Points||11||n/a|
|Number of Cross Focus Points||n/a||n/a|
|Screen Type||Fixed Type||Fixed Type|
|Screen Resolution||921k dots||230k dots|
|ViewFinder||Optical (pentamirror)||Optical (pentamirror)|
|ViewFinder Resolution||0k dots||0k dots|
|Min Shutter Speed||30 s||30 s|
|Max Shutter Speed||1/4000 s||1/4000 s|
|Continuous Shooting||5.0 fps||3.0 fps|
|Manual Exposure Mode|
|Custom White Balance|
|Flash Modes||Auto, Auto slow sync, Auto slow sync with red-eye reduction, Auto with red-eye reduction, Fill-flash, Rear-curtain sync, Rear-curtain with slow sync, Red-eye reduction, Red-eye reduction with slow sync, Slow sync||Front curtain, Rear curtain, Red-Eye, Slow, Red-Eye Slow|
|DxO Sensor Scores|
|DxO Sensor Score||86||56|
|DxO Color Depth||24.8||21.0|
|DxO Dynamic Range||13.9||11.0|
|DxO Low Light ISO||1192||561|
|Video Resolutions||1920 x 1080 (60, 50, 30, 25, 24 fps), 1280 x 720 (60, 50 fps), 640 x 424 (30, 25 fps)||n/a|
|Max Video Resolution||1920 x 1080|
|Video Formats||MPEG-4, H.264||n/a|
|USB||USB 2.0||USB 2.0|
|Weight||395 g||522 g|
|Physical Dimensions||124 x 98 x 76 mm||124 x 94 x 64 mm|
|Battery Life||1200 shots||n/a|
|Battery Type||Battery Pack||n/a|
|Storage Type||SD/SDHC/SDXC||SD/SDHC card|