Nikon D3100 vs Canon EOS R

  • APS-C
  • 14 megapixels
  • Nikon F
  • 41
    Overall
  • 13
    Imaging
  • 29
    Features
  • 73
    Size
  • 0
    Price
  • Full frame
  • 30 megapixels
  • Canon RF
  • 53
    Overall
  • 31
    Imaging
  • 71
    Features
  • 71
    Size
  • 0
    Price

Nikon D3100 vs Canon EOS R: a Complete Review and Comparison

Are you looking for the best camera to suit your needs? Due to a wide range of options, making a wise and weighted decision can be rather challenging. Which specs to keep in mind? What are the key pros and cons of each model? This comparison should give some helpful hints!

In this review, we are going to make a detailed comparison of two cameras that fall into different categories. While the first model we are looking at, Nikon D3100 belongs to a Entry-Level DSLR category, the other model, Nikon D3100 is a Pro Mirrorless camera. Nikon D3100 is equipped with a 14.0 MP CMOS sensor, while Canon EOS R comes with a 30.0 MP CMOS sensor.

Both cameras we are going to look at in our overview fall into two different categories - DSLR and MirrorLess. Keeping in mind all the distinctive features of each category, it will be hard to make a detailed comparison of these two models. However, we will do our best to make this review as unbiased and detailed as possible.

To get started, let’s take a look at some of the key features of Nikon D3100 and Canon EOS R and, after this, we can go on to our detailed comparison of these models.

Nikon D3100 Key Features:

  • 14.0 MP APS-C CMOS sensor
  • ISO 100 - 3200 (Expands to 12800)
  • Image Stabilization: No
  • 3″ Fixed Type Screen
  • ViewFinder: Yes
  • 3.0 fps Continuous Shooting
  • Video: 1920 x 1080 (24 fps), 1280 x 720 (30, 25, 24 fps), 640 x 424 (24 fps)
  • Built-in Wireless: Yes
  • Dimensions: 124 x 96 x 75 mm
  • Weight: 505 g
  • Environmental Sealing: No
  • Built-in GPS: Yes
  • Replaced Nikon D3000. Compare
  • Replaced by Nikon D3200. Compare

Canon EOS R Key Features:

  • 30.0 MP Full frame CMOS sensor
  • ISO 100 - 40000 (Expands to 50 - 102400)
  • Image Stabilization: No
  • 3.2″ Fully Articulated Screen
  • ViewFinder: Yes
  • 8.0 fps Continuous Shooting
  • Video: 3840 x 2160 @ 30p / 480 Mbps, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
  • Built-in Wireless: Yes
  • Dimensions: 136 x 98 x 84 mm
  • Weight: 660 g
  • Environmental Sealing: Yes
  • Built-in GPS: No

Nikon D3100 was substituted by Nikon D3200. Be sure to check out some of our other overviews that may also interest you:
Nikon D3100 vs. D3200
Nikon D3200 vs. Canon EOS R

Nikon D3100 substituted Nikon D3000. Be sure to check out some of our other overviews that may also interest you:
Nikon D3100 vs. D3000
Nikon D3000 vs. Canon EOS R

Why is Nikon D3100 a better choice than Canon EOS R

Built-In Flash Yes vs No All the lenses are stabilized
Flash Range 12 vs No 12 better flash range
Battery Life 550 shots vs 370 shots 180 more frames with a single charge
Weight 505 g vs 660 g 155 g lighter

What are the key reasons to pick Canon EOS R over Nikon D3100

Bluetooth Yes vs No Connect your camera to other devices via Bluetooth
Sensor Resolution 30.0 MP vs 14.0 MP 53.3% more pixels
Sensor Area 864 mm2 vs 355.74 mm2 58.8% larger pixel area
Continuous Shooting 8 fps vs 3 fps 5 fps faster
Max Shutter Speed 1/8000 vs 1/4000 Faster shutter speed
Number Of Focus Points 5655 vs 11 5644 more focus points
Screen Size 3.2″ vs 3″ 0.2" larger screen
Screen Type Fully Articulated vs Fixed Type Flexible shooting positions
Screen Resolution 2,100k dots vs 230k dots 89% higher resolution screen
Touch Screen Yes vs No Easy control of camera functions
Environmental Sealing Yes vs No Shoot at tough conditions
Max Video Resolution 3840 x 2160 vs 1920 x 1080 Higher Resolution Video
Microphone Port Yes vs No High quality audio recording option
Headphone Port Yes vs No Has headphone port
Viewfinder Magnification 0.76 vs 0.53 0.23 better magnification

Key PROs of Nikon D3100 and Canon EOS R

Screen Size 3″ | 3.2″ Large display
Viewfinder Optical (pentamirror) | Electronic Better framing and control
Raw Support Yes | Yes Better image quality
AutoFocus Face Detection Yes | Yes Very handy for portraits
Flash Sync Port Yes | Yes Port for Flash Sync

Key CONs of Nikon D3100 and Canon EOS R

Timelapse Recording No | No No timelapse recording
Image Stabilization No | No No image stabilization

Nikon D3100 vs Canon EOS R: Comparing Two Models By Physical Characteristics

Before heading straight to the technical characteristics of each model, let’s start with comparing their physical specs. Let’s start with looking at the physical difference of the two products. Below are images that clearly show the sizes of Nikon D3100 and Canon EOS R from the front view.

Nikon D3100
Canon EOS R
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Now, let’s go on and see how the reviewed models are different or similar by the top view.

Nikon D3100
Canon EOS R
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After looking at these images, you should get a clear idea of each model’s dimensions and how they are different from each other. However, we are not going to stop there. The next characteristic worth looking at is the weight. Of course, not every photographer is concerned about the weight, for example, it wouldn't be a decisive point for those who shoot in a studio. However, it is still an important factor because if you happen to go on a long photo session or just love having the camera with you wherever you go, you want to be sure that the chosen model isn't too heavy.

Speaking of weight, Nikon D3100 is a lighter option of these two, as it weights 155g less than the Canon EOS R. This difference, in fact, can become a significant disadvantage for the photographers, who prefer to have their cameras with them wherever they go.

Comparing Nikon D3100 and Canon EOS R by the type of Sensor and Resolution

Sensor is, without a doubt, the most significant element of every digital camera. Its type, size, and resolution are the factors that define the quality of future shots. Thus, it is barely possible to pick a suitable camera without looking at these specs.

Are Nikon D3100 and Canon EOS R any different in terms of sensor type?

In fact, that's exactly what makes these two models really different. Thus, it is a good point to consider if your are choosing between these two cameras. Nikon D3100 features a 14.0 MP APS-C sized CMOS sensor . Canon EOS R, in its turn, comes with a 30.0 MP Full frame sized CMOS sensor , which makes it significantly different from the first model.

Take a look below to find the comparison of Nikon D3100 and Canon EOS R by the size of their sensors.

Nikon D3100
Canon EOS R
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One more distinctive feature of compared models is the sensor size. Canon EOS R is equipped with a sensor that is 0.4x larger than the one featured in Nikon D3100. Compared to the cameras with smaller sensor area, the ones with larger sensors ensure more control on the blurry background and depth of field if you shoot in the same aperture and focal length. Thus, the first model has a significant advantage here.

For Which Fields Of Photography Are Nikon D3100 and Canon EOS R Suitable?

If you are interested in photography or has made a career in this field, you should know that different types of shooting actually require different camera characteristics. While one model can produce outstanding portraits, at the same time, it can be terrible for shooting landscapes, and so on. Thus, before you purchase a specific camera, it is vital to decide, which type of shooting you do most often and consider an option that suits it the most.

This section of our comparison is devoted to the performance of Nikon D3100 and Canon EOS R in different fields of photography. Here we are going to look at the five main areas and evaluate how well each of the reviewed models performs in them. This will help you choose an option that suits your needs the most depending on your interest in one or several of these fields.

Photography Type Nikon D3100 Canon EOS R
Portrait Photography
63%
100%
Street Photography
62%
93%
Sports Photography
66%
100%
Daily Photography
47%
70%
Landscape Photography
78%
93%

Nikon D3100 for Portrait Photography

Advantages:

  • Large APS-C (23.1 x 15.4 mm) sensor
  • Face Detection Focusing

Disadvantages:

  • You might not like Nikon skintone
  • No Image Stabilization

Canon EOS R for Portrait Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Full frame (36 x 24 mm) sensor
  • High resolution sensor (30 MP)
  • Fast Max Shutter Speed (1/8000s)
  • Canon is famous with its skintones
  • Face Detection Focusing

Disadvantages:

  • No Image Stabilization

Nikon D3100 for Street Photography

Advantages:

  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View
  • Large APS-C(23.1 x 15.4 mm) sensor

Disadvantages:

  • Big size (124 x 96 x 75 mm)
  • No Image Stabilization
  • Small Number of autofocus Points (11)

Canon EOS R for Street Photography

Advantages:

  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View
  • Fully Articulated Screen
  • Large Full frame(36 x 24 mm) sensor

Disadvantages:

  • Big size (136 x 98 x 84 mm)
  • No Image Stabilization

Nikon D3100 for Sports Photography

Advantages:

  • Big size (124 x 96 x 75 mm)

Disadvantages:

  • Slow Continuous Shooting (3.0 fps)
  • No Environmental Sealing
  • Slow Max Shutter Speed (1/4000s)
  • Smal Number of autofocus Points (11)
  • Small Number of CrossFocus Points (1)
  • Bad Low Light ISO (919)
  • Small battery life (550 shots)

Canon EOS R for Sports Photography

Advantages:

  • Environmental Sealing
  • Fast Max Shutter Speed (1/8000s)
  • Big Number of autofocus Points (5655)
  • Big size (136 x 98 x 84 mm)

Disadvantages:

  • Slow Continuous Shooting (8.0 fps)
  • Small battery life (370 shots)

Nikon D3100 for Daily Photography

Advantages:

  • Large APS-C (23.1 x 15.4 mm) sensor
  • Built-in Flash
  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View
  • Wireless Connectivity
  • Video is available

Disadvantages:

  • Big weight (505 g)
  • Big size (124 x 96 x 75 mm)

Canon EOS R for Daily Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Full frame (36 x 24 mm) sensor
  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View
  • Wireless Connectivity
  • Video is available

Disadvantages:

  • Big weight (660 g)
  • Big size (136 x 98 x 84 mm)
  • No Built-in Flash

Nikon D3100 for Landscape Photography

Advantages:

  • Large APS-C (23.1 x 15.4 mm) sensor
  • Good Dynamic Range (11.3)
  • Live View
  • RAW Support

Disadvantages:

  • Low resolution sensor (14 MP)
  • No Environmental Sealing
  • Bad Low Light ISO (919)

Canon EOS R for Landscape Photography

Advantages:

  • Large Full frame (36 x 24 mm) sensor
  • High resolution sensor (30 MP)
  • Environmental Sealing
  • Live View
  • RAW Support

Disadvantages:

No Significant Disadvantages

Comparison of Nikon D3100 vs Canon EOS R: Final Verdict

Hopefully, our detailed overview of these models has helped you consider all the main specs, pros and cons of each cameras. Maybe, after reading this comparison, some of you have already decided which option to opt for depending on your needs and preferences. However, if you are still wondering which option is a better choice, Nikon D3100 or Canon EOS R, below you can see what scores each of them received in five different aspects. To wrap up, we have used our unique Decision Algorithm that assesses different camera models upon 63 different factors including their price, and, if possible, DxO Mark scores. This algorithm allows us to make our verdict more consistent and objective.

What is our final verdict? Based on our comparison and the final scores of Nikon D3100 and Canon EOS R here is what we can say in conclusion:

According all the factors that we considered in the process of comparing these two cameras, Canon EOS R deserves a higher Total Score than the Nikon D3100. Thus, if you are choosing between these options, we would recommend you to choose the first model over the other one.

Nikon D3100 vs Canon EOS R Table Of Technical Specs

For better understanding of each model’s technical characteristics, find the detailed comparison below:

Nikon D3100 Canon EOS R
General
Brand Nikon Canon
Model D3100 EOS R
Announced Dec 21, 2010 Sep 05, 2018
Body Type Compact SLR SLR-style mirrorless
Sensor
Sensor Type CMOS CMOS
Sensor Size APS-C Full frame
Sensor Dimensions 23.1 x 15.4 mm 36 x 24 mm
Sensor Area 355.74 mm2 864.00 mm2
Sensor Resolution 14.0 MP 30.0 MP
Max Image Resolution 4608 x 3072 6720 x 4480
Max Native ISO 3,200 40,000
Max Boosted ISO 12,800 102,400
Min Native ISO 100 100
RAW Support Yes Yes
Lens
Manual Focus Yes Yes
Lens Mount Nikon F Canon RF
Number of Lenses 287 4
Focal Length Multiplier 1.5x 1x
Macro Focus Range
AutoFocus
AF Touch No Yes
AF Continuous Yes Yes
AF Single Yes Yes
AF Tracking Yes Yes
AF Selective Yes Yes
AF Center No Yes
AF Multi Area Yes Yes
AF Live View Yes Yes
AF Face Detection Yes Yes
AF Contrast Detection Yes Yes
AF Phase Detection Yes Yes
Number of Focus Points 11 5655
Number of Cross Focus Points 1 n/a
Screen
Screen Type Fixed Type Fully Articulated
Screen Size 3″ 3.2″
Screen Resolution 230k dots 2,100k dots
Live View Yes Yes
Touch Screen No Yes
ViewFinder
ViewFinder Optical (pentamirror) Electronic
ViewFinder Resolution 0k dots 3,690k dots
ViewFinder Coverage 95% 100%
ViewFinder Magnification 0.53 0.76
Photography Features
Min Shutter Speed 30 s 30 s
Max Shutter Speed 1/4000 s 1/8000 s
Continuous Shooting 3.0 fps 8.0 fps
Shutter Priority Yes Yes
Aperture Priority Yes Yes
Manual Exposure Mode Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation Yes Yes
Custom White Balance Yes Yes
Image Stabilization No No
Built-in Flash Yes No
Flash Range 12 0
Flash Modes Auto, Red-Eye, Slow, Red-Eye Slow, Rear curtain no built-in flash
External Flash Yes Yes
AE Bracketing No Yes
WB Bracketing Yes Yes
Exposure Modes
Multi-Segment Yes Yes
Average Yes Yes
Spot No Yes
Partial No Yes
AF-Area No No
Center Weighted Yes No
Video Features
Video Resolutions 1920 x 1080 (24 fps), 1280 x 720 (30, 25, 24 fps), 640 x 424 (24 fps) 3840 x 2160 @ 30p / 480 Mbps, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM
Max Video Resolution 1920 x 1080 3840 x 2160
Video Formats MPEG-4 MPEG-4, H.264
Microphone Port No Yes
Headphone Port No Yes
Connectivity
Wireless Connectivity Yes Yes
HDMI Yes Yes
USB USB 2.0 USB Yes (with LP-E6N only)
Physical
Environmental Sealing No Yes
Water Proof No No
Dust Proof No No
Shock Proof No No
Crush Proof No No
Freeze Proof No No
Weight 505 g 660 g
Physical Dimensions 124 x 96 x 75 mm 136 x 98 x 84 mm
Battery Life 550 shots 370 shots
Battery Type Battery Pack Battery Pack
Battery Model EN-EL14 n/a
Other Features
Self Timer Yes Yes
Timelapse Recording No No
GPS Optional
Storage Type SD/SDHC/SDXC SD card (UHS-II supported)
Storage Slots 1 1

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