Canon EOS 450D vs Canon EOS 7D

  • APS-C
  • 12 megapixels
  • Canon EF/EF-S
  • 39
    Overall
  • 11
    Imaging
  • 14
    Features
  • 74
    Size
  • 1
    Price
  • APS-C
  • 18 megapixels
  • Canon EF/EF-S
  • 43
    Overall
  • 17
    Imaging
  • 45
    Features
  • 70
    Size
  • 0
    Price

Canon EOS 450D vs Canon EOS 7D: a Complete Review and Comparison

Are you looking for the best camera to suit your needs? Due to a wide range of options, making a wise and weighted decision can be rather challenging. Which specs to keep in mind? What are the key pros and cons of each model? This comparison should give some helpful hints!

The goal of this overview is to provide a detailed comparison of two popular camera models introduced by the same brand - Canon. Although both products are offered by the same brand, they come from different categories. Thus, Canon, is a camera from Entry-Level DSLR category, while EOS 7D is a Semi-Pro DSLR camera. Both products that we are going to review are equipped with the same type of sensor - CMOS. However, they have different resolution. The first compared model, Canon EOS 450D, features has a resolution of 12.0 MP. Another model that we are reviewing, Canon EOS 7D, features a sensor with a resolution of 18.0 MP.

Now, before we can move on to our comparison, let's take a moment to look at the key characteristics of Canon EOS 450D and Canon EOS 7D.

Canon EOS 450D Key Features:

  • 12.0 MP APS-C CMOS sensor
  • ISO 100 - 1600
  • Image Stabilization: No
  • 3″ Fixed Type Screen
  • ViewFinder: Yes
  • 4.0 fps Continuous Shooting
  • Built-in Wireless: No
  • Dimensions: 129 x 98 x 62 mm
  • Weight: 524 g
  • Environmental Sealing: No
  • Built-in GPS: No
  • Replaced Canon 400D.
  • Replaced by Canon 500D.
  • Also known as Canon EOS Rebel XSi / EOS Kiss X2

Canon EOS 7D Key Features:

  • 18.0 MP APS-C CMOS sensor
  • ISO 100 - 6400 (Expands to 12800)
  • Image Stabilization: No
  • 3″ Fixed Type Screen
  • ViewFinder: Yes
  • 8.0 fps Continuous Shooting
  • Video: 1920 x 1080 (30, 25, 24 fps), 1280 x 720 (60, 50 fps), 640 x 480 (60, 50 fps)
  • Built-in Wireless: No
  • Dimensions: 148 x 111 x 74 mm
  • Weight: 860 g
  • Environmental Sealing: Yes
  • Built-in GPS: Yes

Since Canon EOS 450D has been around for some time, it was substituted by Canon 500D.

Being a newer model, Canon EOS 450D substituted Canon 400D.

Why is Canon EOS 450D a better choice than Canon EOS 7D

Flash Range 13 vs 12 1 better flash range
Weight 524 g vs 860 g 336 g lighter

What are the key reasons to pick Canon EOS 7D over Canon EOS 450D

Sensor Resolution 18.0 MP vs 12.0 MP 33.3% more pixels
Sensor Area 332.27 mm2 vs 328.56 mm2 1.1% larger pixel area
Continuous Shooting 8 fps vs 4 fps 4 fps faster
Max Shutter Speed 1/8000 vs 1/4000 Faster shutter speed
Number Of Focus Points 19 vs 9 10 more focus points
AutoFocus Face Detection Yes vs No Very handy for portraits
Screen Resolution 920k dots vs 230k dots 75% higher resolution screen
Environmental Sealing Yes vs No Shoot at tough conditions
Dxo Color Depth 22 vs 21.9 Better color depth
Dxo Dynamic Range 11.7 vs 10.8 Better dynamic range
Dxo Low Light Iso 854 vs 692 Better High ISO performance
Viewfinder Optical (pentaprism) vs Optical (pentamirror) Better framing and control
Viewfinder Magnification 0.63 vs 0.55 0.08 better magnification

Key PROs of Canon EOS 450D and Canon EOS 7D

Screen Size 3″ | 3″ Large display
Viewfinder Optical (pentamirror) | Optical (pentaprism) Better framing and control
Raw Support Yes | Yes Better image quality
Bracketing Yes | Yes Useful for tough lighting conditions and HDR
Built-In Flash Yes | Yes External flash available
Flash Sync Port Yes | Yes Port for Flash Sync

Key CONs of Canon EOS 450D and Canon EOS 7D

Touch Screen No | No No touch screen
Screen Resolution 230k dots | 920k dots Small screen resolution
Screen Type Fixed Type | Fixed Type No flexible viewing angles
Sensor Resolution 12.0 MP | 18.0 MP Small sensor resolution
Timelapse Recording No | No No timelapse recording
Image Stabilization No | No No image stabilization

Canon EOS 450D vs Canon EOS 7D: Comparing Two Models By Physical Characteristics

Before heading straight to the technical characteristics of each model, let’s start with comparing their physical specs. Let’s start with looking at the physical difference of the two products. Below are images that clearly show the sizes of Canon EOS 450D and Canon EOS 7D from the front view.

Canon EOS 450D
Canon EOS 7D
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Now, let’s go on and see how the reviewed models are different or similar by the top view.

Canon EOS 450D
Canon EOS 7D
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After looking at these images, you should get a clear idea of each model’s dimensions and how they are different from each other. However, we are not going to stop there. The next characteristic worth looking at is the weight. Of course, not every photographer is concerned about the weight, for example, it wouldn't be a decisive point for those who shoot in a studio. However, it is still an important factor because if you happen to go on a long photo session or just love having the camera with you wherever you go, you want to be sure that the chosen model isn't too heavy.

Speaking of weight, Canon EOS 450D is a lighter option of these two, as it weights 336g less than the Canon EOS 7D. This difference, in fact, can become a significant disadvantage for the photographers, who prefer to have their cameras with them wherever they go.

Comparing Canon EOS 450D and Canon EOS 7D by the type of Sensor and Resolution

Sensor is, without a doubt, the most significant element of every digital camera. Its type, size, and resolution are the factors that define the quality of future shots. Thus, it is barely possible to pick a suitable camera without looking at these specs.

Are Canon EOS 450D and Canon EOS 7D any different in terms of sensor type?

In fact, that's exactly what makes these two models really different. Thus, it is a good point to consider if your are choosing between these two cameras. Canon EOS 450D features a 12.0 MP APS-C sized CMOS sensor . Canon EOS 7D, in its turn, comes with a 18.0 MP APS-C sized CMOS sensor , which makes it significantly different from the first model.

Take a look below to find the comparison of Canon EOS 450D and Canon EOS 7D by the size of their sensors.

Canon EOS 450D
Canon EOS 7D
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Canon EOS 450D and Canon EOS 7D are identical by this indicator, as each feature a sensor of the same size. Thus, both cameras will provide the same level of control in terms of the depth of field if you use them with the same focal length and aperture.

For Which Fields Of Photography Are Canon EOS 450D and Canon EOS 7D Suitable?

If you are interested in photography or has made a career in this field, you should know that different types of shooting actually require different camera characteristics. While one model can produce outstanding portraits, at the same time, it can be terrible for shooting landscapes, and so on. Thus, before you purchase a specific camera, it is vital to decide, which type of shooting you do most often and consider an option that suits it the most.

This section of our comparison is devoted to the performance of Canon EOS 450D and Canon EOS 7D in different fields of photography. Here we are going to look at the five main areas and evaluate how well each of the reviewed models performs in them. This will help you choose an option that suits your needs the most depending on your interest in one or several of these fields.

Photography Type Canon EOS 450D Canon EOS 7D
Portrait Photography
85%
96%
Street Photography
65%
71%
Sports Photography
48%
90%
Daily Photography
86%
66%
Landscape Photography
69%
89%

Canon EOS 450D for Portrait Photography

Advantages:

  • Large APS-C (22.2 x 14.8 mm) sensor
  • Canon is famous with its skintones

Disadvantages:

  • No Image Stabilization

Canon EOS 7D for Portrait Photography

Advantages:

  • Large APS-C (22.3 x 14.9 mm) sensor
  • Fast Max Shutter Speed (1/8000s)
  • Canon is famous with its skintones
  • Face Detection Focusing

Disadvantages:

  • No Image Stabilization

Canon EOS 450D for Street Photography

Advantages:

  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View
  • Large APS-C(22.2 x 14.8 mm) sensor

Disadvantages:

  • Big size (129 x 98 x 62 mm)
  • No Image Stabilization
  • Small Number of autofocus Points (9)

Canon EOS 7D for Street Photography

Advantages:

  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View
  • Large APS-C(22.3 x 14.9 mm) sensor

Disadvantages:

  • Big size (148 x 111 x 74 mm)
  • No Image Stabilization

Canon EOS 450D for Sports Photography

Advantages:

No Significant Advantages

Disadvantages:

  • Slow Continuous Shooting (4.0 fps)
  • No Environmental Sealing
  • Slow Max Shutter Speed (1/4000s)
  • Smal Number of autofocus Points (9)
  • Bad Low Light ISO (692)

Canon EOS 7D for Sports Photography

Advantages:

  • Environmental Sealing
  • Fast Max Shutter Speed (1/8000s)
  • Big size (148 x 111 x 74 mm)

Disadvantages:

  • Slow Continuous Shooting (8.0 fps)
  • Smal Number of autofocus Points (19)
  • Bad Low Light ISO (854)
  • Small battery life (800 shots)

Canon EOS 450D for Daily Photography

Advantages:

  • Large APS-C (22.2 x 14.8 mm) sensor
  • Built-in Flash
  • Built-in View Finder

Disadvantages:

  • Big weight (524 g)
  • Big size (129 x 98 x 62 mm)
  • Video is not available

Canon EOS 7D for Daily Photography

Advantages:

  • Large APS-C (22.3 x 14.9 mm) sensor
  • Built-in Flash
  • Built-in View Finder
  • Live View
  • Video is available

Disadvantages:

  • Big weight (860 g)
  • Big size (148 x 111 x 74 mm)

Canon EOS 450D for Landscape Photography

Advantages:

  • Large APS-C (22.2 x 14.8 mm) sensor
  • RAW Support

Disadvantages:

  • Low resolution sensor (12 MP)
  • Bad Dynamic Range (10.8)
  • No Environmental Sealing
  • Bad Low Light ISO (692)

Canon EOS 7D for Landscape Photography

Advantages:

  • Large APS-C (22.3 x 14.9 mm) sensor
  • Good Dynamic Range (11.7)
  • Environmental Sealing
  • Live View
  • RAW Support

Disadvantages:

  • Low resolution sensor (18 MP)
  • Bad Low Light ISO (854)

Comparison of Canon EOS 450D vs Canon EOS 7D: Final Verdict

Hopefully, our detailed overview of these models has helped you consider all the main specs, pros and cons of each cameras. Maybe, after reading this comparison, some of you have already decided which option to opt for depending on your needs and preferences. However, if you are still wondering which option is a better choice, Canon EOS 450D or Canon EOS 7D, below you can see what scores each of them received in five different aspects. To wrap up, we have used our unique Decision Algorithm that assesses different camera models upon 63 different factors including their price, and, if possible, DxO Mark scores. This algorithm allows us to make our verdict more consistent and objective.

What is our final verdict? Based on our comparison and the final scores of Canon EOS 450D and Canon EOS 7D here is what we can say in conclusion:

According all the factors that we considered in the process of comparing these two cameras, Canon EOS 7D deserves a higher Total Score than the Canon EOS 450D. Thus, if you are choosing between these options, we would recommend you to choose the first model over the other one.

Canon EOS 450D vs Canon EOS 7D Table Of Technical Specs

For better understanding of each model’s technical characteristics, find the detailed comparison below:

Canon EOS 450D Canon EOS 7D
General
Brand Canon Canon
Model EOS 450D EOS 7D
Announced May 23, 2008 Nov 06, 2009
Body Type Compact SLR Mid-size SLR
Sensor
Sensor Type CMOS CMOS
Sensor Size APS-C APS-C
Sensor Dimensions 22.2 x 14.8 mm 22.3 x 14.9 mm
Sensor Area 328.56 mm2 332.27 mm2
Sensor Resolution 12.0 MP 18.0 MP
Max Image Resolution 4272 x 2848 5184 x 3456
Max Native ISO 1,600 6,400
Max Boosted ISO n/a 12,800
Min Native ISO 100 100
RAW Support Yes Yes
Lens
Manual Focus Yes Yes
Lens Mount Canon EF/EF-S Canon EF/EF-S
Number of Lenses 304 304
Focal Length Multiplier 1.6x 1.6x
Macro Focus Range
AutoFocus
AF Touch No No
AF Continuous Yes Yes
AF Single Yes Yes
AF Tracking Yes No
AF Selective Yes Yes
AF Center No No
AF Multi Area Yes Yes
AF Live View No Yes
AF Face Detection No Yes
AF Contrast Detection Yes Yes
AF Phase Detection Yes Yes
Number of Focus Points 9 19
Number of Cross Focus Points n/a n/a
Screen
Screen Type Fixed Type Fixed Type
Screen Size 3″ 3″
Screen Resolution 230k dots 920k dots
Live View Yes Yes
Touch Screen No No
ViewFinder
ViewFinder Optical (pentamirror) Optical (pentaprism)
ViewFinder Resolution 0k dots 0k dots
ViewFinder Coverage 95% 100%
ViewFinder Magnification 0.55 0.63
Photography Features
Min Shutter Speed 30 s 30 s
Max Shutter Speed 1/4000 s 1/8000 s
Continuous Shooting 4.0 fps 8.0 fps
Shutter Priority Yes Yes
Aperture Priority Yes Yes
Manual Exposure Mode Yes Yes
Exposure Compensation Yes Yes
Custom White Balance Yes Yes
Image Stabilization No No
Built-in Flash Yes Yes
Flash Range 13 12
Flash Modes Auto, Red-eye Auto, Red-eye
External Flash Yes Yes
AE Bracketing Yes Yes
WB Bracketing No Yes
Exposure Modes
Multi-Segment No Yes
Average No No
Spot No Yes
Partial No Yes
AF-Area No No
Center Weighted No Yes
DxO Sensor Scores
DxO Sensor Score 61 66
DxO Color Depth 21.9 22.0
DxO Dynamic Range 10.8 11.7
DxO Low Light ISO 692 854
Video Features
Video Resolutions n/a 1920 x 1080 (30, 25, 24 fps), 1280 x 720 (60, 50 fps), 640 x 480 (60, 50 fps)
Max Video Resolution 1920 x 1080
Video Formats n/a H.264
Microphone Port No Yes
Headphone Port No No
Connectivity
Wireless Connectivity No No
HDMI No Yes
USB USB 2.0 USB 2.0
Physical
Environmental Sealing No Yes
Water Proof No No
Dust Proof No No
Shock Proof No No
Crush Proof No No
Freeze Proof No No
Weight 524 g 860 g
Physical Dimensions 129 x 98 x 62 mm 148 x 111 x 74 mm
Battery Life n/a 800 shots
Battery Type n/a Battery Pack
Battery Model n/a LP-E6
Other Features
Self Timer Yes Yes
Timelapse Recording No No
GPS Optional
Storage Type SD/SDHC/MMC card Compact Flash (Type I or II), UDMA, Microdrive cards
Storage Slots 1 1

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